{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32576", "sys_id" : "hvd_32576", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "安成郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "安成郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ancheng Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "267", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "590", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.38246", "longitude" : "114.60845", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西安福县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "267", "end year" : "279", "parent id" : "hvd_30056", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "280", "end year" : "290", "parent id" : "hvd_30255", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "291", "end year" : "316", "parent id" : "hvd_30121", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "317", "end year" : "325", "parent id" : "hvd_30122", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "326", "end year" : "339", "parent id" : "hvd_30123", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "340", "end year" : "340", "parent id" : "hvd_30124", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "341", "end year" : "342", "parent id" : "hvd_30125", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "343", "end year" : "418", "parent id" : "hvd_30126", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "419", "end year" : "555", "parent id" : "hvd_30127", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "556", "end year" : "562", "parent id" : "hvd_30145", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "563", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30127", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40959", "name" : "吴平县", "transcribed" : "Wuping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40934", "name" : "安城县", "transcribed" : "Ancheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40935", "name" : "安复县", "transcribed" : "Anfu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40965", "name" : "宜春县", "transcribed" : "Yichun Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40966", "name" : "宜阳县", "transcribed" : "Yiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40908", "name" : "平都县", "transcribed" : "Pingdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "557", "child id" : "hvd_40936", "name" : "广兴县", "transcribed" : "Guangxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40948", "name" : "新渝县", "transcribed" : "Xinyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40922", "name" : "永新县", "transcribed" : "Yongxin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40958", "name" : "汉平县", "transcribed" : "Hanping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "267", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40971", "name" : "萍乡县", "transcribed" : "Pingxiang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "安成郡(267-557年)治所(钱林书编写)

三国吴宝鼎二年(267年)分豫章、庐陵、长沙郡置,治平都县(今江西安福县)。(1)领有平都、宜春(晋太康元年改名宜阳)、安成(晋太康元年改名安复)、永新、新渝、萍乡等县。(2)晋太康元年(280年)增领广兴县。(3)南朝宋、齐、梁同。(4)陈永定二年(558年)割广兴县另立安乐郡,辖境缩小。隋开皇十一年(591年)改置为袁州。(5)

注:
(1)《三国志》卷48《吴书·三嗣主传》宝鼎二年(267年):“分豫章、庐陵、长沙为安成郡。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1167页)《太平寰宇记》卷109《江南西道七·吉州》安福县:平都县,“吴宝鼎二年置安成郡而县属焉。按王烈之《安城记》云:县本有二乡,汉县(安成)理西乡,即张普所理之地。吴又徙于东乡置(安成)郡,(平都)县亦移焉。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,21册,19、20页)顾祖禹《读史方舆纪要》卷87《江西·吉安府》安福县安平故城:“后汉永元八年(96年)改曰平都。三国吴始移县于今治,并置安成郡治焉。今县治南百步有平都废县址。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,4册,3660页)按:当作平都县也于吴宝鼎二年徙治,并为安成郡治所。又据牛平汉《明代政区沿革综表》谓,吉安府安福县治即今安福县。(北京,中国地图出版社,1997年,155页)
(2)清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷7《吴扬州·安成郡》第末格,宝鼎二年,安成郡领有平都、宜春、安成、永新、新渝、萍乡等县。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2943页)
(3)《晋书》卷15《地理志下·荆州》安成郡领有广兴县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,458页)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二·江州》安成郡领有广兴县。其县下曰:“《晋太康地志》有此县,何云江左立,非也。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1090页)顾祖禹《读史方舆纪要》卷87《江西·吉安府》永新县广兴城:“晋太康初置广兴县,属安成郡。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,4册,3667页)按:故作太康元年(280年)置广兴县,属安成郡。
(4)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二·江州》:安成郡领有平都、新喻(渝)、宜阳、永新、安复、萍乡、广兴县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1090页)。《南齐书》卷14《州郡志上·江州》:安成郡所领同。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,261页)清洪齮孙《补梁疆域志》卷2《高州》:安成郡所领不改。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局1956年,4册,4394页)。
(5)《隋书》卷31《地理志下·廬陵郡》安复县:“旧置安成郡。平陈,郡废,县改曰安成。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880页)而《太平寰宇记》卷109《江南西道七》袁州:“隋平陈后,土人文盛拥兵自守。开皇十年,洪州都督杨武通平之。开皇十一年(591年)置袁州”。(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,21册,1页)又明严嵩原修《袁州府志》(一)卷1《创郡始末》谓:隋“开皇十一年(591年)安成郡废,置袁州”。(《中国方志丛书》,台湾成文出版社,据明嘉靖四十年刊本影印,1989年,843册,65页)故作文盛拥兵自守时未改安成郡。", "source uri" : "" }