{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32546", "sys_id" : "hvd_32546", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "吉州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "吉州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ji Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.10324", "longitude" : "114.97128", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西吉安市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30128", "name" : "洪吉都防御团练观察处置", "transcribed" : "Hongji Dufangy" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "782", "parent id" : "hvd_30129", "name" : "江南西道都防御团练观察", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "783", "end year" : "784", "parent id" : "hvd_30130", "name" : "江南西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "785", "end year" : "864", "parent id" : "hvd_30131", "name" : "江南西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "865", "end year" : "873", "parent id" : "hvd_30132", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "874", "end year" : "888", "parent id" : "hvd_30133", "name" : "江南西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "889", "end year" : "958", "parent id" : "hvd_30134", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "959", "end year" : "971", "parent id" : "hvd_30135", "name" : "南都南昌府留守", "transcribed" : "Nandunanchangfu Liushou" }, { "begin year" : "972", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30136", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "996", "parent id" : "hvd_30137", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "997", "end year" : "1019", "parent id" : "hvd_30042", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1020", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_30138", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1130", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30044", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30139", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1071", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40921", "name" : "万安县", "transcribed" : "Wanan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1234", "end_year" : "1264", "child id" : "hvd_95439", "name" : "乡宁县", "transcribed" : "Xiangning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1227", "end_year" : "1265", "child id" : "hvd_95404", "name" : "吉乡县", "transcribed" : "Jixiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "950", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40895", "name" : "吉水县", "transcribed" : "Jishui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40892", "name" : "太和县", "transcribed" : "Taihe Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40911", "name" : "安福县", "transcribed" : "Anfu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40888", "name" : "庐陵县", "transcribed" : "Luling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "991", "child id" : "hvd_40945", "name" : "新淦县", "transcribed" : "Xin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40924", "name" : "永新县", "transcribed" : "Yongxin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1054", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40901", "name" : "永豐县", "transcribed" : "Yong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1121", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_40916", "name" : "泉江县", "transcribed" : "Quanjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "960", "end_year" : "1033", "child id" : "hvd_40914", "name" : "龙泉县", "transcribed" : "Longquan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1034", "end_year" : "1120", "child id" : "hvd_40915", "name" : "龙泉县", "transcribed" : "Longquan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40917", "name" : "龙泉县", "transcribed" : "Longquan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32545", "name" : "庐陵郡", "transcribed" : "Luling Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "吉州(758-1276年)治所(钱林书编写)

唐乾元元年(758年)改庐陵郡置,治庐陵县(即今江西吉安市)。领有庐陵、太和、安福、新凎、永新五县。(1)五代和两宋时期辖境屡有变化。元至元十四年(1277年)改为吉州路。(2)
注:
(1)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三·江南西道》吉州:“天宝元年改为庐陵郡,乾元元年(758年)复为吉州。”领有庐陵、太和、安福、新凎、永新五县。(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1607、1608页)
(2)《元史》卷62《地理志五·江西等处行中书省》吉安路:唐为吉州,宋升为上州。“元至元十四年(1277年),升吉州路总管府。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1508、1509页)", "source uri" : "" }