{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32540", "sys_id" : "hvd_32540", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "廬陵郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "庐陵郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Luling Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "191", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "590", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.33241", "longitude" : "115.13931", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西吉水县东北三十里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "191", "end year" : "192", "parent id" : "hvd_30054", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "193", "end year" : "194", "parent id" : "hvd_30055", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "212", "end year" : "290", "parent id" : "hvd_30056", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "291", "end year" : "316", "parent id" : "hvd_30121", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "317", "end year" : "325", "parent id" : "hvd_30122", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "326", "end year" : "339", "parent id" : "hvd_30123", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "340", "end year" : "340", "parent id" : "hvd_30124", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "341", "end year" : "342", "parent id" : "hvd_30125", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "343", "end year" : "418", "parent id" : "hvd_30126", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "419", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30127", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "252", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40938", "name" : "东昌县", "transcribed" : "Dongchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "194", "end_year" : "527", "child id" : "hvd_40940", "name" : "兴平县", "transcribed" : "Xingping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40871", "name" : "南安县", "transcribed" : "Nanan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40872", "name" : "南康县", "transcribed" : "Nankang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40878", "name" : "南野县", "transcribed" : "Nanye Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "253", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_40898", "name" : "吉阳县", "transcribed" : "Jiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40862", "name" : "宁都县", "transcribed" : "Ningdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "200", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40957", "name" : "巴丘县", "transcribed" : "Baqiu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40858", "name" : "平固县", "transcribed" : "Pinggu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "222", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40857", "name" : "平阳县", "transcribed" : "Pingyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "222", "end_year" : "235", "child id" : "hvd_40879", "name" : "彼阳县", "transcribed" : "Biyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "236", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40880", "name" : "揭阳县", "transcribed" : "Jieyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "222", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40919", "name" : "新兴县", "transcribed" : "Xinxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "220", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40861", "name" : "杨都县", "transcribed" : "Yangdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "215", "end_year" : "266", "child id" : "hvd_40922", "name" : "永新县", "transcribed" : "Yongxin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40886", "name" : "石阳县", "transcribed" : "Shiyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_40889", "name" : "西昌县", "transcribed" : "Xichang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40830", "name" : "赣县", "transcribed" : "Gan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "199", "end_year" : "221", "child id" : "hvd_40918", "name" : "遂兴县", "transcribed" : "Suixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_40920", "name" : "遂兴县", "transcribed" : "Suixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40899", "name" : "阳城县", "transcribed" : "Yangcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_40900", "name" : "阳豐县", "transcribed" : "Yang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40835", "name" : "雩都县", "transcribed" : "Du Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "191", "end_year" : "534", "child id" : "hvd_40885", "name" : "高昌县", "transcribed" : "Gaochang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "庐陵郡(191-590年)治所(钱林书编写)

东汉初平二年(191年)分豫章郡置,治石阳县(在今江西吉水县东北三十里)。(1)领有西昌、石阳、南野、遂兴(后改名为新兴)、巴丘、高昌、东昌、兴平、阳城、永新、雩都、赣县及南安县。(2)后又增领杨都、(3)彼阳县(后改名揭阳)、(4)吉阳、(5)平阳。(6)西晋太康三年(282年),以庐陵郡南部置南康郡,辖境缩小。南朝梁大通二年(528)兴平县改属巴山郡,辖境又缩小。隋开皇十一年(591年)改为吉州。(7)

注:
(1)《水经·赣水》:赣水“又东北过石阳县西”。郦道元《注》:“汉献帝初平二年(191年),吴长沙桓王立廬陵郡治此”。按:“初平”一作“兴平”,杨守敬、熊会贞《水经注疏》考定应“初平”为是。(南京,江苏古籍出版社,1989年,下册,3232、3233页)《元和郡县图志》卷28《江南道四·虔州》,南康县下所载同。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册673页)清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷7《吴扬州·廬陵郡》后《补正》作廬陵郡治石阳县。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2946页)而《后汉书》志第22《郡国志四·扬州》豫章郡庐陵县下刘昭《注》:“兴平元年(194年),孙策分立廬陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,1965年,12册,3491页)又《資治通鉴》卷63《汉纪五十五》献帝建安四年(199年):孙“策分豫章为廬陵郡”。(北京,中华书局,1956年,5册,2022页)均与之异。
(2)清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷7《吴扬州》第一格:廬陵郡领有西昌、石阳、南野、遂兴、巴丘、高昌、东昌、兴平、阳城、永新、雩都、赣县。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2941、2942页)又《元和郡县图志》卷28《江南道四·虔州》南康县:本汉南壄县,属豫章郡。“献帝初平二年(191年)析南壄县置南安县”。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,672页)
(3)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二·江州》南康宁都县:“吴立曰杨都,晋武帝太康元年(280年)更名。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1091页)又《太平寰宇记》卷108《江南西道六·虔州》虔化县:“吴大帝时分赣县立为阳(杨)都县。《吴录地志》属廬陵郡之南部,晋武帝改为宁都。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,21册,12页)
(4)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二·江州》南康郡揭阳:“吴立曰揭阳县,晋武帝太康五年,以西康揭阳移治故彼阳县,改曰彼县,然则彼阳先已为县矣。后汉《郡国》无,疑是吴所立而改曰揭阳也。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1091页)又清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷7《吴扬州》第二格庐陵郡领有彼阳县。(《二十五史补编》北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2942页)按:故作三国吴黄武元年(222年)置彼阳县。
(5)《太平寰宇记》卷109《江南西道七·吉州》吉水县吉阳城:“按《舆地志》云:‘吴后主二年(会稽王二年,即253年)立’。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,21册,25页)又清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷7《吴扬州·廬陵郡》廬陵郡领吉阳县。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2942页)
(6)《宋书》卷36《州郡志二·江州》南康平固县:“吴立曰平阳,晋武帝太康元年更名。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1091页)清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷7《吴扬州·廬陵郡》吴主权格,廬陵郡领有平阳县。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2942页)当作三国吴黄武元年(222年)置。
(7)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》廬陵郡:“平陈,置吉州。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880页)又宋欧阳忞《舆地广记》卷25《江南西路》吉州:“二汉属豫章郡,兴平元年孙策分置廬陵郡,吴宝鼎二年孙皓又置安成郡,晋、宋、齐、梁、陈皆因之。隋平陈,二郡俱废,置吉州。”(《丛书集成》初编,上海,商务印书馆,民国二十六年,3107册,259页)而据《太平寰宇记》卷109《江南西道七》袁州:“隋平陈后,土人文盛拥兵自守。开皇十年,洪州都督杨武通平之。开皇十一年(591年)置袁州”。(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,21册,1页)又明严嵩原修《袁州府志》(一)卷1《创郡始末》谓:隋“开皇十一年(591年)安成郡废,置袁州”。(《中国方志丛书》,台湾成文出版社,据明嘉靖四十年刊本影印,1989年,843册,65页)故开皇十一年(591年废安成郡。庐陵郡也当此年废,而后置吉州。", "source uri" : "" }