{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32534", "sys_id" : "hvd_32534", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "撫州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "抚州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "762", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.98478", "longitude" : "116.35134", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西临川市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "762", "end year" : "782", "parent id" : "hvd_30129", "name" : "江南西道都防御团练观察", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "783", "end year" : "784", "parent id" : "hvd_30130", "name" : "江南西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "785", "end year" : "864", "parent id" : "hvd_30131", "name" : "江南西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "865", "end year" : "873", "parent id" : "hvd_30132", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "874", "end year" : "888", "parent id" : "hvd_30133", "name" : "江南西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxidao" }, { "begin year" : "889", "end year" : "908", "parent id" : "hvd_30134", "name" : "镇南军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhennanjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "921", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30154", "name" : "昭武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhaowujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "996", "parent id" : "hvd_30137", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "997", "end year" : "1019", "parent id" : "hvd_30042", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1020", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_30138", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1130", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30044", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1133", "parent id" : "hvd_30045", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1134", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30139", "name" : "江南西路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnanxi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40998", "name" : "临川县", "transcribed" : "Linchuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1149", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41004", "name" : "乐安县", "transcribed" : "Lean Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "990", "child id" : "hvd_40986", "name" : "南丰县", "transcribed" : "Nanfeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "968", "child id" : "hvd_40982", "name" : "南城县", "transcribed" : "Nancheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "968", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41003", "name" : "宜黄县", "transcribed" : "Yihuang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40999", "name" : "崇仁县", "transcribed" : "Chongren Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "994", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41000", "name" : "金溪县", "transcribed" : "Jinxi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32533", "name" : "抚州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "抚州(762-1276年)治所(钱林书编写)

唐宝应元年(762年)迁治置,治临川县(今江西临川市)。(1)领临川、南城、崇仁、南丰县。(2)五代南唐开宝二年(969年)分出南城县另置建武军,辖境缩小。其后辖境又变化,但之所未变。至元十四年(1277年)改为抚州路。(3)

注:
(1)顾祖禹《读史方舆纪要》卷86《江西四·抚州府》临川县临川城:唐宝应中,太守王圆自赤岡移治连樊小溪之西陲,即今城西。中和三年,刺史危全讽始于羊角山筑子城,又筑罗城,即今子城西凑罗城。(北京,中华书局,1955年,4册,3637页)清《嘉庆一统志》卷322《抚州府·古迹》临汝故城:“郡乘言王圆徙西陲。中和末危全讽又徙今治。非也,全讽特因圆之旧加筑而无所徙。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,118册,16页)按:当西陲与清临川县治相邻,故作加筑而无所徙。据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》谓,清临川县即今江西抚州市。(北京,中国地图出版社,1990年,180页)又据《中华人民共和国行政区划》1987年抚州市已改为临川市,则故临汝县治,即今江西临川市。又唐宝应中,作宝应元年(762年)。
(2)《旧唐书》卷40《江南西道》抚州:唐乾元元年(758年)改临川郡置抚州,治临川县(即今江西临川市)。领临川、南城、崇仁、南丰县。(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1609、1607页)
(3)《元史》卷62《江西等处行中书省》抚州路:抚州,“元至元十四年(1277年),升抚州路总管府。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1511页)", "source uri" : "" }