{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32466", "sys_id" : "hvd_32466", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宣城郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宣城郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xuancheng Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "281", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "461", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.94694", "longitude" : "118.74250", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽宣州市治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "458", "parent id" : "hvd_30056", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "459", "end year" : "460", "parent id" : "hvd_30057", "name" : "王畿", "transcribed" : "Wangji" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41345", "name" : "临城县", "transcribed" : "Lincheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41310", "name" : "宁国县", "transcribed" : "Ningguo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41314", "name" : "安吴县", "transcribed" : "Anwu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "328", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41353", "name" : "定陵县", "transcribed" : "Dingling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41302", "name" : "宛陵县", "transcribed" : "Wanling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41305", "name" : "宣城县", "transcribed" : "Xuancheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41355", "name" : "广德县", "transcribed" : "Guangde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "338", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41348", "name" : "广阳县", "transcribed" : "Guangyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "328", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41317", "name" : "当涂县", "transcribed" : "Dangtu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41306", "name" : "怀安县", "transcribed" : "Huai'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "372", "child id" : "hvd_41374", "name" : "春榖县", "transcribed" : "Chungu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41313", "name" : "泾县", "transcribed" : "Jing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41341", "name" : "石城县", "transcribed" : "Shicheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "323", "end_year" : "410", "child id" : "hvd_41371", "name" : "繁昌县", "transcribed" : "Fanchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "328", "end_year" : "461", "child id" : "hvd_41316", "name" : "逡遒县", "transcribed" : "Qunqiu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "373", "end_year" : "410", "child id" : "hvd_41375", "name" : "阳榖县", "transcribed" : "Yanggu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "281", "end_year" : "337", "child id" : "hvd_41347", "name" : "陵阳县", "transcribed" : "Lingyang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宣城郡(281—461年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

晋太康二年(281年)分丹阳郡置宣城郡。领县十一:宛陵、宣城、陵阳、安吴、临城、石城、泾、春谷(东晋宁康元年改名阳谷)、广德、宁国、怀安。治宛陵。①南朝宋大明六年(462年)淮南侨郡并入宣城郡。宣城郡移治于湖县。②八年(464年)复置淮南郡。宣城郡还治宛陵。③


①《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:扬州:“及晋平吴,……分丹杨之宣城、宛陵、陵阳、安吴、泾、广德、宁国、怀安、石城、临城、春榖十一县立宣城郡,理宛陵。”第2册,459页)“宣城郡,太康二年置。统县十一。……春榖。”“宣城郡,太康二年置。统县十一。……宛陵。”(第2册,460页)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:“宣城太守,晋武帝太康元年分丹阳立。”(第4册,1034页)今从《晋志》。”(第2册,460页)今从《晋志》。
②《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:“淮南太守,秦立为九江郡。……其后中原乱,胡寇屡南侵,淮南民多南度。成帝初,苏峻、祖约为乱於江淮,胡寇又大至,民多南度江者转多,乃於江南侨立淮南郡及诸县,晋末遂割丹阳之于湖为淮南境。宋孝武大明六年,以淮南郡并宣城,宣城郡徙治于湖。八年,复立淮南郡,属南豫州。明帝泰始三年,还属扬州。”“宣城太守……宛陵令(首县)”(第4册,1034页)
③《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:宣城郡:“南陵县,梁置,并置南陵郡。陈置北江州。平陈,州郡并废,并所管石城、临城、定陵、故治、南陵五县入焉。”(第3册,877页)故治,中华书局标点本《校勘记》:“按《寰宇记》一0五,南陵县‘自齐梁之代,为梅根冶,以烹铜钱。’此处‘故治’疑当作‘故冶。’”(899页)洪齮孙《补梁疆域志》卷1南陵郡领南陵、石城、临城、定陵、故冶(疑当作冶。宋齐二志俱无,当是梁立)。(《二十五史补编》第4册,4381页)《太平寰宇记》卷105池州贵池县:“南陵故城在县西南一十二里。按《舆地志》:南陵县有旧地置戍,即普通六年置南陵郡城也。隋平陈废。”(光绪金陵书局本)", "source uri" : "" }