{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32455", "sys_id" : "hvd_32455", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "池州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "池州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Chi Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "766", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.65466", "longitude" : "117.48183", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今安徽池州市治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "996", "parent id" : "hvd_30041", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "997", "end year" : "1019", "parent id" : "hvd_30042", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1020", "end year" : "1129", "parent id" : "hvd_30043", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1130", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30044", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30045", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30027", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "978", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41362", "name" : "东流县", "transcribed" : "Dongliu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "921", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41363", "name" : "建德县", "transcribed" : "Jiande Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "766", "end_year" : "1224", "child id" : "hvd_41350", "name" : "石埭县", "transcribed" : "Shidi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1225", "end_year" : "1230", "child id" : "hvd_41351", "name" : "石埭县", "transcribed" : "Shidi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1231", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41352", "name" : "石埭县", "transcribed" : "Shidi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "766", "end_year" : "925", "child id" : "hvd_41343", "name" : "秋浦县", "transcribed" : "Qiupu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "766", "end_year" : "920", "child id" : "hvd_41354", "name" : "至德县", "transcribed" : "Zhide Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "926", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41344", "name" : "贵池县", "transcribed" : "Guichi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "975", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41360", "name" : "铜陵县", "transcribed" : "Tongling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "766", "end_year" : "958", "child id" : "hvd_41346", "name" : "青阳县", "transcribed" : "Qingyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "975", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_41346", "name" : "青阳县", "transcribed" : "Qingyang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "池州(766—1276年)治所(邹逸麟编写)

唐永泰二年(766年)置,领秋浦、青阳、至德、石埭四县。治秋浦县,926年秋浦更名贵池县。①五代吴因之。南唐昇元元年(937年)青阳县改属昇州。宋开宝八年(975年)青阳县还属池州。②其后辖境多有变化,元至元十四年(1277年)改池州为池州路。③


①《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》:池州“永泰元年江西观察使李勉,以秋浦去洪州九百里,请复置池州,仍请割青阳、至德二县隶之,又析置石埭县,并从之。后隶宣州。领县四:……秋浦,州所治。……青阳,……至德,……石埭,永泰二年,割秋浦、浮梁、黟三县置,治古石埭城。”(第5册,1603页)《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》:“池州,上。武德四年以宣州之秋浦、南陵二县置。贞观元年州废,县还隶宣州。永泰元年复析宣州之秋浦、青阳、饶州之至德置。……县四:秋浦,……青阳,天宝元年析泾、南陵、秋浦置。……至德,中。至德二载析鄱阳、秋浦置,隶寻阳郡,乾元元年隶饶州。石埭,中。永泰二年析青阳、秋浦置。”(第4册,1067页)《元和郡县志》卷28《江南道四》:池州:“永泰二年江西观察使李勉奏置池州,因武德四年总管左难当所奏旧名,取贵池以为州号也。”(下册,688页)今从《元和志》作永泰二年(即大历元年,766年)
②陆游《南唐书州军总音释》:“昇都,金陵府,以宣之当涂、广信升置,芜湖、铜陵、繁昌来属,及当涂为雄远军,复以池之青阳来属,与旧领上元、江宁、句容、溧水、溧阳为十县也。”(丛书集成初编本,第10页)《清嘉庆一统志》第40册,卷118《池州府一建置沿革》:“青阳县……五代南唐属昇州。宋开宝八年还属池州元属池州路。明属池州府。本朝因之。”南唐何时属昇州,无确证。今作昇元元年(937年)宋开宝八年(983年)还属池州。
③《明史》卷40《地理志一》:池州府:“元池州路,属江浙行省江东道。太祖辛丑年八月曰九华府。寻曰池州府。领县六:……贵池,倚。……青阳……铜陵……石埭……建德……东流。”(第4册,926页)辛丑为为元至正二十一年(1361年)。《明太祖实隶》卷9辛丑八月癸卯:“改池州路为九华府,以刘行任为知府。寻改为池州府。”可知为同年改复,不计。", "source uri" : "" }