{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32444", "sys_id" : "hvd_32444", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "秀州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "秀州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xiu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "939", "begin rule" : "5", "end" : "1194", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.76747", "longitude" : "120.75320", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江嘉兴县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "939", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30081", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30046", "name" : "两浙东北路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhedongbei Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1075", "parent id" : "hvd_30047", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1076", "end year" : "1076", "parent id" : "hvd_30048", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1077", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30049", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1194", "parent id" : "hvd_30050", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "939", "end_year" : "1194", "child id" : "hvd_40493", "name" : "华亭县", "transcribed" : "Huating Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "939", "end_year" : "1194", "child id" : "hvd_40057", "name" : "嘉兴县", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "939", "end_year" : "1194", "child id" : "hvd_40062", "name" : "崇德县", "transcribed" : "Chongde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "939", "end_year" : "1194", "child id" : "hvd_40073", "name" : "海盐县", "transcribed" : "Haiyan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "秀州(939-1194年)界线和治所

五代晋天福四年(939年)吴越割苏州嘉兴、华亭、海盐三县地,并分嘉兴县地置崇德县为秀州。治嘉兴县。①南宋庆元元年(1195年)升为嘉兴府。②

①《旧五代史》卷150《郡县志》:“秀州,晋天福三年十月,两浙钱元瓘奏,以杭州嘉兴县置。”(第6册,2018页)《太平寰宇记》卷95“秀州,本苏州嘉兴县地。晋天福四年於此置秀州,从两浙钱元瓘之所请也。仍割嘉兴、海盐、华亭三县,并置崇德县以属焉。”(光绪金陵书局本)《舆地纪胜》卷3《两浙西路》嘉兴府作天福四年。(中华书局影印惧盈斋本,第1册,170页)今从《寰宇记》作天福四年(939年)
②《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:“嘉兴府,本秀州,……庆元元年。以孝宗所生之地,升府。……领县四:嘉兴、华亭、海盐、崇德。”(第7册,2177页)


秀州(939—1194年)界线

其时秀州领嘉兴、华亭、海盐、崇德(1958年并入桐乡)四县,相当今上海市吴淞江、虬江故道以南的上海市境,嘉兴市、嘉善(明宣德五年分嘉兴地置)、平湖(明宣德五年分海盐地置)、桐乡(明宣德五年分嘉兴地置)、海盐等市县地。其州界东至海,北界至吴松江虬江故道,西北界北段同今上海市界,向南经朱家角西北一段在今界之南,西向经淀山湖后,即今上海市界,再西即今吴江县与浙江嘉善、嘉兴市分界;①西南以乌镇为桐乡与湖州市分界线;②南界西段即今海宁市与桐乡市、海盐县分界线,唯今海宁市治(硖石镇)以北一块凸出地以长水塘为界东属海盐,西属桐乡。③海盐县以南即以杭州湾为界。

①参见苏州(939—1112年)条
②参见湖州(979—1225年)条
③据《浙江全省舆图并水陆道里记》海宁县图今海宁市治(硖石镇)以北地以长水塘为界,东部属海盐,西部属桐乡。", "source uri" : "" }