{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32399", "sys_id" : "hvd_32399", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "江陰軍", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "江阴军", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiangyin Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "军", "alternate name" : "軍", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "military prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "940", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "989", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.90877", "longitude" : "120.26609", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏江阴市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "940", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30097", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30041", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30046", "name" : "两浙东北路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhedongbei Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "989", "parent id" : "hvd_30047", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "940", "end_year" : "989", "child id" : "hvd_40434", "name" : "江阴县", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "江阴军(940-989年)界线和治所

南唐升元中建,治江阴县(即今江苏江阴市)。领江阴一县。宋淳化元年(990)废。

南唐升元中建,治江阴县(即今江苏江阴市)。⑴领江阴一县。宋淳化元年(990)废。⑵

⑴《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“江阴军,理江阴县。本江阴县,伪唐升元年中建为军,以江阴县属焉。皇朝因之。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,18册,12页)暂以升元三年(939)为置军年份。
⑵南宋·王象之:《舆地纪胜》卷9《两浙西路·江阴军》:“南唐始建为江阴军。《国朝类要》在升元中,而《五代史职方考》不载江阴军一节。皇朝因之,初废为县。《国朝会要》云淳化元年废江阴军隶常州。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,1册,492页)
嘉靖《江阴县志》卷1《建置记一·沿革》:“太宗淳化元年改,三年复。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,13册)


江阴军(939——989)界线

宋代江阴军,“东西一百三十五里,南北七十二里。……东至苏州常熟县界七十里,西至常州晋陵县界六十里,南至常州无锡县界七十里,北至江垠二里,至于江心泰州海陵县界四十里。”⑴此为宋代有关江阴军界的记载。据明人记载:“宋军东西相距一百三十五里,南北相距七十二里。元州东西一百四十里,南北一百里。国朝龙凤间建州如宋军之数。洪武二年改州为县,以泰兴之马驮沙来属,于是东西一百七十里,南北一百四十四里,东九十里至顾山抵常熟县境,西一百三十五里至固山缺抵武进县境,南五十四里至马镇抵无锡县境,北九十里至如皋县境石庄。此江阴四达止也。东南抵无锡县境一百四十五里,北抵通州境一百五十里为叚山洪,西北抵泰兴县境八十里为小穆港,此江阴四隅止也。”⑵据此,明代的江阴县界(含靖江县)与宋代江阴军界可能相差无几。
《舆地纪胜》记载的江阴军山川:“黄山,县北六里。”今江阴县城东北濒长江有香山。“采香径,县东二十里。……香山故有采香径。”今江阴县东与沙洲县交界处有香山。“沙山,在县东四十五里。”今县东南有砂山,当是。“利港,在县西五十里”,在今西有利港。“芙蓉湖,在县南四十里,即射贵湖,一名上湖。”⑶今县西南与武进县交界处有芙蓉湖遗迹。又同书卷6载常州亦有芙蓉湖,说明宋代的常州与江阴军是以芙蓉湖为界的。今芙蓉湖虽已干涸,但从地图上尚可看出其遗迹,今界线正经过此遗迹。从这几点看,除东界外,宋代的江阴军与今天的江阴县界亦很相近。在暂无更详尽的历史资料前,除了马驮沙等处明确记载有变化的以外,只能以明代的江阴县界代替宋代的江阴军界。
以明嘉靖《江阴县志》图、清《江苏全省舆图》与今《江苏省地图集》进行对照,江阴县西界、南界与今相同。北界经过今靖江县南部。东界因析置沙洲县而有较大变化:南从江阴县北漍起,向北经沙洲县西塘市东、杨舍镇东,向北至长江止。


⑴《太平寰宇记》卷92《江阴军》;金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,18册,12页。
⑵嘉靖《江阴县志》卷2《疆域》;上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》本,13册。
⑶《舆地纪胜》卷9《江阴军》;中华书局,《中国古代地理总志丛刊》本,1册,496页至503页。", "source uri" : "" }