{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32386", "sys_id" : "hvd_32386", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "常州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "常州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Chang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.78278", "longitude" : "119.95230", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏常州市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30067", "name" : "浙江西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "765", "parent id" : "hvd_30068", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_30069", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "779", "parent id" : "hvd_30070", "name" : "浙江东西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "780", "end year" : "780", "parent id" : "hvd_30071", "name" : "浙江西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "781", "end year" : "786", "parent id" : "hvd_30072", "name" : "浙江东西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "787", "end year" : "804", "parent id" : "hvd_30073", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "805", "end year" : "808", "parent id" : "hvd_30074", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "809", "end year" : "857", "parent id" : "hvd_30075", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "858", "end year" : "858", "parent id" : "hvd_30076", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "859", "end year" : "861", "parent id" : "hvd_30077", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "892", "parent id" : "hvd_30078", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "893", "end year" : "911", "parent id" : "hvd_30081", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "912", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_30094", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "917", "end year" : "936", "parent id" : "hvd_30095", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "937", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30097", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30041", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30046", "name" : "两浙东北路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhedongbei Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1075", "parent id" : "hvd_30047", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1076", "end year" : "1076", "parent id" : "hvd_30048", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1077", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30049", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30050", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30027", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "975", "child id" : "hvd_40503", "name" : "义兴县", "transcribed" : "Yixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "976", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40469", "name" : "宜兴县", "transcribed" : "Yixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40445", "name" : "无锡县", "transcribed" : "Wuxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40452", "name" : "晋陵县", "transcribed" : "Jinling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40457", "name" : "武进县", "transcribed" : "Wujin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "939", "child id" : "hvd_40434", "name" : "江阴县", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "990", "end_year" : "991", "child id" : "hvd_40434", "name" : "江阴县", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1071", "end_year" : "1127", "child id" : "hvd_40434", "name" : "江阴县", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1157", "end_year" : "1160", "child id" : "hvd_40434", "name" : "江阴县", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32030", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "常州(758-1276年)治所

唐乾元元年(758)改晋陵郡为常州。⑴五代先后属吴、南唐。唐升元中,升江阴县为军,州境缩小。宋淳化元年(990),江阴县来属,辖境扩大。宋淳化三年(992)江阴县复属江阴军,常州辖境缩小。熙宁四年(1071)废江阴军,江阴县来属,辖境再次扩大。南宋建炎二年(1128)复析置江阴军,常州辖境缩小。绍兴二十七年(1157)废江阴军,江阴县复来属,州境扩大。南宋绍兴三十一年(1161)复置江阴军,常州辖境缩小。元至元十四年(1277)改置常州路(2)。此间常州辖境屡有变化,但治所不变。

⑴晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“乾元元年,复为常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)
《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“乾元元年,复为常州。”(金陵书局刊本,18册,1页)
⑵明·宋廉等:《元史》卷62《地理五》;中华书局,1976年校点本,5册,1494页。", "source uri" : "" }