{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32361", "sys_id" : "hvd_32361", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "鄣郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "鄣郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-210", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "-122", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.90242", "longitude" : "119.60508", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江长兴县西南泗安水库内", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-210", "end year" : "-207", "parent id" : "hvd_113649", "name" : "秦", "transcribed" : "Qin" }, { "begin year" : "-206", "end year" : "-122", "parent id" : "hvd_113652", "name" : "西汉", "transcribed" : "Xihan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "-210", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_41377", "name" : "丹阳县", "transcribed" : "Danyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-129", "end_year" : "-129", "child id" : "hvd_40532", "name" : "句容侯国", "transcribed" : "Jurong Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-201", "end_year" : "-130", "child id" : "hvd_40531", "name" : "句容县", "transcribed" : "Jurong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-128", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_40533", "name" : "句容县", "transcribed" : "Jurong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-201", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_41300", "name" : "宛陵县", "transcribed" : "Wanling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-201", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_40099", "name" : "於朁县", "transcribed" : "Yuqian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-210", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_41319", "name" : "歙县", "transcribed" : "She Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-210", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_40526", "name" : "江乘县", "transcribed" : "Jiangcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-128", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_40517", "name" : "秣陵侯国", "transcribed" : "Moling Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-210", "end_year" : "-129", "child id" : "hvd_40516", "name" : "秣陵县", "transcribed" : "Moling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-128", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_40509", "name" : "胡孰侯国", "transcribed" : "Hushu Houguo" }, { "begin_year" : "-201", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_41366", "name" : "芜湖县", "transcribed" : "Wuhu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-199", "end_year" : "-196", "child id" : "hvd_112539", "name" : "鄣郡", "transcribed" : "Zhang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "-210", "end_year" : "-122", "child id" : "hvd_41321", "name" : "黝县", "transcribed" : "You Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "鄣郡(前210-前122年)界线和治所


秦始皇三十七年(前210年)分会稽郡置鄣郡(1)。治鄣县,领鄣县、江乘、丹阳等县(2)。西汉元狩二年(前121年)改为丹阳郡,并辖区扩大(3)。


注:
(1)谭其骧《秦郡界址考》:鄣郡乃秦末所增置,析自会稽郡(《长水集》上集,北京,人民出版社,1987年,17页)。《秦郡》:“鄣郡见于《汉书·高帝纪》六年,而《续汉志》以为秦郡,故鄣郡也是秦郡。”(《长水集续编》,北京,人民出版社,1994年,67页)其设置年代无记载,姑定于秦始皇末之三十七年(前210年)。
(2)《中国历史地图集》,北京,中国地图出版社,1982年,等2册,11—12页。
(3)周振鹤《西汉政区地理》第二章第二节《临淮郡、会稽郡沿革》:“《汉志》系鄣郡改名丹阳郡于武帝元封二年,恐传钞致误。汉改郡名均在国除为郡或郡境有所变动之时,若元封二年,鄣郡无所变化;不得无故更名‘元狩元年、二年之间接连废除衡山、淮南、江都三国;武帝烈士陵园是对故淮南、江都别郡进行一番调整,鄣郡于此时增县四;才更名丹阳。”(北京,人民出版社,1987年,40页)

鄣郡界(前210—前122年)
西界:以今青弋江为界(1)。
北界:以今长江为界(2)。
注:
(1)谭其骧《秦郡界址考》:“鄣郡析自会稽郡,然方其建置之初,非得全有《汉志》丹阳郡之地”,“当有今青弋江流域以西之地。”(《长水集》上,北京,人民出版社,1987年,17页)
(2)《汉书》卷64《严助传》:“会稽东接于海,南近诸越,北枕大江。”(北京,中华书局,1962年,9册,2789页)此为汉初会稽郡北界,乃沿袭秦代鄣郡。", "source uri" : "" }