{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32347", "sys_id" : "hvd_32347", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "吳興郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "吴兴郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wuxing Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "266", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "404", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.79700", "longitude" : "120.10919", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江湖州市南云巢", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "266", "end year" : "404", "parent id" : "hvd_30056", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40129", "name" : "东迁县", "transcribed" : "Dongqian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40093", "name" : "临安县", "transcribed" : "Lin'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40091", "name" : "临水县", "transcribed" : "Linshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40126", "name" : "乌程县", "transcribed" : "Wucheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40085", "name" : "余杭县", "transcribed" : "Yuhang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40145", "name" : "原乡县", "transcribed" : "Yuanxiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40147", "name" : "安吉县", "transcribed" : "Anji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40161", "name" : "故鄣县", "transcribed" : "Guzhang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40100", "name" : "於潜县", "transcribed" : "Yuqian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40134", "name" : "武康县", "transcribed" : "Wukang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_40132", "name" : "永安县", "transcribed" : "Yong'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "281", "child id" : "hvd_40133", "name" : "永康县", "transcribed" : "Yongkang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "334", "child id" : "hvd_40136", "name" : "长城县", "transcribed" : "Changcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "335", "end_year" : "404", "child id" : "hvd_40137", "name" : "长城县", "transcribed" : "Changcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "303", "child id" : "hvd_40463", "name" : "阳羡县", "transcribed" : "Yangxian Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "吴兴郡(266-404年)治所

三国吴宝鼎元年(266年)分吴郡、丹阳为吴兴郡。郡治乌程县(今浙江湖州市南云巢),领县九:乌程(今湖州市)、阳羡(今江苏宜兴市十五里旧庄)、永安(今浙江德清县(武康镇)治前溪北岸部分)、余杭(今浙江余杭市余杭镇苕溪北岸部份)、临水(今浙江临安市北高乐)、故鄣(今浙江长兴县西南泗安水库内)、安吉(今浙江安吉县西南孝丰镇)、原乡(今浙江长兴县西南泗安镇)、於潜(今临安市于潜镇)。①其辖境相当今浙江湖州市、德清、安吉、长兴、余杭市、临安市及江苏宜兴市地。②西晋永兴元年(304年)分长城县北乡置义乡(今长兴县西北桥里)县,分阳羡县地置国山、临津二县,分丹阳郡之永世置平陵县,并阳羡县、永世县共六县置义兴郡③。刘宋武帝永初三年(422年)分广德、故鄣、长城、阳羡、义乡五县地增置绥安县,属义兴郡(4)。时吴兴郡割故鄣县地入义兴郡,辖境缩小。梁绍泰元年(555年)割宣城郡之广德、吴兴之故鄣,并置石封县为广梁郡,吴兴郡辖地缩小。永定二年(558年)改广梁郡名陈留郡(5)。

①《三国志》卷48《吴志三嗣主传》:宝鼎元年:“分会稽为东阳郡,分吴郡、丹阳为吴兴郡。”裴注引皓诏曰:“今吴郡阳羡、永安、余杭、临水及丹阳故鄣、安吉、原乡、於潜诸县,地势水流之便,悉注乌程,既宜立郡以镇山越,且以藩卫明陵,奉承大祭,不亦可乎!其亟分此九县为吴兴郡,治乌程。”(第5册,1166页)《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》湖州乌程县:“本秦旧县,……《吴兴记》云:吴景帝封孙皓为乌程侯,及皓即位,改葬父於此,遂立为吴兴郡。”(下册,605页)
②《晋书》卷15《地理志下》吴兴郡首县为乌程县(第2册,461页)领县十:乌程、临安(晋太康元年改临水为临安)、余杭、武康、东迁(晋太康三年分乌程县东乡置)、於潜、故鄣、安吉、原乡、长城(晋太康三年分乌程县地置)。(第2册,461页)其中脱阳羡一县。册书卷云:“永兴元年……割吴兴之阳羡”云云,则可知永兴元年前吴兴领有阳羡县。以上数县县境在湖州府诸县已有考证。唯故阳羡县、鄣县境无考。
③《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:“永兴元年,……又以周玘创议讨石冰,割吴兴之阳羡并长城之北乡置义乡、国山、临津并阳羡四县,又分丹杨之永世置平陵及永世,凡六县,立义兴郡。”(第2册,463页)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》:“义兴太守,晋惠帝永兴元年(304年),分吴兴之阳羡、丹阳之永世立。永世寻还丹阳。……临津令,故属阳羡,立郡分立。义乡令,故属长城、阳羡,立郡分立。国山令,故属阳羡,立郡分立。绥安令,武帝永初三年(422年),分宣城之广德、吴兴之故鄣、长城及阳羡、义兴五县立。”(第4册,1041页)
据此,知《晋志》有误,国山、临津分自阳羡,并非分自长城。
(4)《宋书》卷35《州郡志一》义兴太守:“绥安令,武帝永初三年,分宣城之广德、吴兴之故鄣、长城及阳羡、义乡五县立。”(第4册,1041页)按绥安县治今广德县治,其时广德县尚存,绥安县分地来源故鄣、长城、阳羡、义乡均在今广德县北、东两面,则绥安县与广德且以分界线姑且以今广德县治北部地入之。
(5)《陈书》卷2《高祖纪下》:永定二年(558年)八月景寅:“以广梁郡为陈留郡。”(第1册,37页)", "source uri" : "" }