{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32343", "sys_id" : "hvd_32343", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湖州路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湖州路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Huzhou Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1276", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1365", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.86496", "longitude" : "120.09931", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江湖州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1278", "parent id" : "hvd_30027", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" }, { "begin year" : "1279", "end year" : "1279", "parent id" : "hvd_30306", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" }, { "begin year" : "1280", "end year" : "1283", "parent id" : "hvd_30307", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" }, { "begin year" : "1284", "end year" : "1284", "parent id" : "hvd_30028", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" }, { "begin year" : "1285", "end year" : "1285", "parent id" : "hvd_30308", "name" : "江浙行省", "transcribed" : "Jiangzhe Xings" }, { "begin year" : "1286", "end year" : "1286", "parent id" : "hvd_30038", "name" : "江浙行省", "transcribed" : "Jiangzhe Xings" }, { "begin year" : "1287", "end year" : "1288", "parent id" : "hvd_30309", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" }, { "begin year" : "1289", "end year" : "1291", "parent id" : "hvd_30310", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" }, { "begin year" : "1292", "end year" : "1360", "parent id" : "hvd_30039", "name" : "浙江行省", "transcribed" : "ZheJiang Xings" }, { "begin year" : "1361", "end year" : "1365", "parent id" : "hvd_30040", "name" : "江南行省", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Xings" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1365", "child id" : "hvd_40127", "name" : "乌程县", "transcribed" : "Wucheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1355", "child id" : "hvd_40151", "name" : "安吉县", "transcribed" : "Anji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1356", "end_year" : "1365", "child id" : "hvd_40152", "name" : "安吉县", "transcribed" : "Anji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1365", "child id" : "hvd_40128", "name" : "归安县", "transcribed" : "Gui'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1365", "child id" : "hvd_40158", "name" : "德清县", "transcribed" : "Deqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1365", "child id" : "hvd_40135", "name" : "武康县", "transcribed" : "Wukang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1294", "child id" : "hvd_40140", "name" : "长兴县", "transcribed" : "Changxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1295", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_40141", "name" : "长兴州", "transcribed" : "Changxing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1362", "end_year" : "1365", "child id" : "hvd_40143", "name" : "长兴州", "transcribed" : "Changxing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1357", "end_year" : "1361", "child id" : "hvd_40142", "name" : "长安州", "transcribed" : "Chang'an Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32330", "name" : "安吉州", "transcribed" : "Anji Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湖州路(1276-1365年)界线和治所

元至元十三年(1276年)平江南,改宋安吉州为湖州路。辖六县:乌程(附郭)、归安(附郭)、安吉、德清、武康、长兴。元贞元年(1295年)升长兴为州。①至正十七年(1357年)改长兴州为长安州。二十二年(1362年)复曰长兴州。至正二十六年(1366年)朱元璋改湖州路为湖州府。洪武二年(1369年)降长兴州为县。②其辖境同明清湖州府。

①《元史》卷62《地理志五》:“湖州路,上。唐改吴兴郡,又改湖州。宋改安吉州。至元十三年,升湖州路。”领县五、州一:乌程、归安、安吉、德清、武康、长兴州。“长兴州,中。唐为绥州,又更名雉州,又为长城县。朱梁改曰长兴。宋因之。元贞元年升为州。”(第5册,1492—1493页)
②《明史》卷44《地理志五》:“湖州府,元湖州路,属江浙行省。太祖丙午年十一月为府,直隶京师。十四年(1381年),改隶浙江。”(第4册,1105页)太祖指朱元璋,丙午年即至正二十六年(1366年)。领州一、县六:乌程、归安、长兴、德清、武康、安吉州、孝丰。“长兴,元长兴州。太祖丁酉三月改名长安州,壬寅年复曰长兴。洪武二年降为县”(1106页)丁酉年为至正十七年,1357年,壬寅年为至正二十二年,1362年。洪武二年为1369年。《明史》卷44《地理志五》:湖州府长兴县:“元长兴州。太祖丁酉年三月改名长安州,壬寅年复曰长兴。洪武二年降为县。”


湖州路(1276—1365年)界线

其北界以太湖中大雷山、小雷山与与苏州吴县分界。①其东以乌程县乌镇与嘉兴府桐乡县青墩镇分界。②其东南为德清县全境,并包有今桐乡县西南之大麻镇及海卸村。③其南以德清县塘栖镇、界头山与今余杭市接界。④又南以德清县粽子岭、马头关与余杭县分界。⑤又南,安吉县有独松关与余杭市接界。⑥其西南以安吉县孔夫关、唐舍关与安徽宁国市接界。⑦其西北以长兴县三州山与安徽广德、江苏宜兴接界。⑧其北在长兴县北有悬脚岭与宜兴分界。⑨湖州府府界自元末至1911年没有变化,相当今浙江湖州市及其所辖长兴、安吉、德清三县地。

①《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·山川》:“小雷山,在乌程县北三十六里太湖中。大雷山在长兴县东北太湖中。《旧志》:大雷山在县北四十里,为洞庭之西山,属长兴。小雷山在县东六十里,为洞庭之东山,属乌程。”乾隆《乌程县志》卷2山川:“小雷山在城北三十八里太湖中,去岸二十里,与江南吴县分界。乾隆《湖州府志》引《石柱记笺》:长兴夹浦之东三里即大雷山,长兴分界;乌程大钱之北二十里即小雷山,乌程分界。俱在西洞庭之西。”(台湾成文出版社影印中国方志丛书,华中地方第596号,第1册,156页)同治《长兴县志》卷10《山川》:大雷山:引《谭志》去岸二十里。当是。(台湾成文出版社影印中国方志丛书,华中地方第586号,第3册,860页)民国《浙江全省舆图并水陆道里记》长兴县图,北以太湖中大、小雷山属长兴、乌程,与吴县分界。
②《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·关隘》:“乌镇在乌程县东南九十里。……其地为苏、湖、嘉三府之交。明嘉靖十年增置府同知於此。隆庆初裁。本朝复移府同知驻此。”《读史方舆纪要》卷91湖州府乌镇:“万历二年议者以镇当浙直之交,与江南之吴江、嘉兴之桐乡界壤相接。”(第4册,3812页)《清嘉庆一统志》第102册,卷287《嘉兴府一·关隘》:“青墩镇:在桐乡县北二十五里。旧置镇遏使於此。今有巡司,与湖州之乌镇止隔一水。”光绪十三年(1887年)《桐乡县志》卷1《疆域上》:“青镇在清风乡,县北二十七里。梁昭明太子读书地。太子为青宫,故以青名。与湖郡所辖之乌镇夹溪相对。”知明清以来,乌镇与青镇间夹河为乌程与桐乡两县交界处。《浙江古今地名词典》:乌墩镇“1949年后乌镇划属桐乡,两镇合并定名乌镇镇。”(125页。浙江教育出版社,1991年)
③《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·建置沿革》:德清县:“东至嘉兴府石门县界九十里。”康熙十二年《德清县志》卷1四封所及:“东至石门县界九十里,以大麻村为界(光绪志有东边)。”光绪志同。今桐乡县西南有大麻镇。康熙十二年《德清县志》卷2《舆地志》:有海卸,光绪《德清县志》卷1有海卸,“离城八十里。”是嘉庆二十五年时大麻、海卸均属德清县。今桐乡县西南有大麻镇。见《浙江省地图册》154幅(浙江省建设厅、浙江省测绘局编制,中华地图学社出版发行。1999年3月)今查《浙江全省舆图并水陆道里记》第2册(台湾中国方志丛书,第47册)德清县图,县境东南有大麻村、海卸。直至光绪十二年(1886年)《德清县志》县图,大麻、海卸两地仍在德清县境。可知此属桐乡县之两地在清康熙、光绪间属德清县。1984年《浙江德清县地名志》:民国元年,据《德清县新志》记载,有大麻乡。", "source uri" : "" }