{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32341", "sys_id" : "hvd_32341", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湖州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湖州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1225", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.86496", "longitude" : "120.09931", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江湖州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30067", "name" : "浙江西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "765", "parent id" : "hvd_30068", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_30069", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "779", "parent id" : "hvd_30070", "name" : "浙江东西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "780", "end year" : "780", "parent id" : "hvd_30071", "name" : "浙江西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "781", "end year" : "786", "parent id" : "hvd_30072", "name" : "浙江东西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "787", "end year" : "804", "parent id" : "hvd_30073", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "805", "end year" : "808", "parent id" : "hvd_30074", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "809", "end year" : "857", "parent id" : "hvd_30075", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "858", "end year" : "858", "parent id" : "hvd_30076", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "859", "end year" : "861", "parent id" : "hvd_30077", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "887", "parent id" : "hvd_30078", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "888", "end year" : "958", "parent id" : "hvd_30079", "name" : "忠国军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhongguojun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "959", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30100", "name" : "宣德军节度使", "transcribed" : "Xuandejun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30046", "name" : "两浙东北路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhedongbei Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1075", "parent id" : "hvd_30047", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1076", "end year" : "1076", "parent id" : "hvd_30048", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1077", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_30049", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1225", "parent id" : "hvd_30050", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1225", "child id" : "hvd_40127", "name" : "乌程县", "transcribed" : "Wucheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "983", "child id" : "hvd_40150", "name" : "安吉县", "transcribed" : "Anji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "984", "end_year" : "1225", "child id" : "hvd_40151", "name" : "安吉县", "transcribed" : "Anji Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "982", "end_year" : "1225", "child id" : "hvd_40128", "name" : "归安县", "transcribed" : "Gui'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1225", "child id" : "hvd_40158", "name" : "德清县", "transcribed" : "Deqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "906", "child id" : "hvd_40135", "name" : "武康县", "transcribed" : "Wukang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "979", "end_year" : "1225", "child id" : "hvd_40135", "name" : "武康县", "transcribed" : "Wukang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "907", "end_year" : "1225", "child id" : "hvd_40140", "name" : "长兴县", "transcribed" : "Changxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "906", "child id" : "hvd_40139", "name" : "长城县", "transcribed" : "Changcheng Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32349", "name" : "吴兴郡", "transcribed" : "Wuxing Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湖州(758-1225年)治所

乾元元年(758年)复改吴兴郡为湖州。治乌程县(今浙江湖州市)。领县辖境均不改。①五代开平元年(907年)割武康县属杭州②,辖境缩小。宋太平兴国四年(979年)武康县复属湖州,辖境扩大(3)。南宋宝庆二年(1226年)改湖州为安吉州(4)。

①《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》:“湖州……天宝元年改为吴兴郡。乾元元年复为湖州。”(第5册,1587页)
②《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》:湖州领县五:乌程、武康、长城、安吉、德清。(第4册,1059页)《舆地纪胜》卷4《两浙西路》安吉州武康县:“《五代史》云:梁割属杭州。《九域志》、《国朝会要》并云:太平兴国四年以杭州武康县隶湖州。”(中华书局影印惧盈斋本,第1册,213页,1992年)
(3)《新唐书》卷41《地理志五》:湖州领县五:乌程、武康、长城、安吉、德清。(第4册,1059页)《舆地纪胜》卷4《两浙西路》安吉州武康县:“《五代史》云:梁割属杭州。《九域志》、《国朝会要》并云:太平兴国四年以杭州武康县隶湖州。
(4)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:“湖州,上。……宝庆元年,改安吉州。……县六:乌程,望。”(第7册,2175页)《舆地纪胜》卷4《两浙西路》安吉州:“宝庆二年从臣集议,请改湖州为安吉州。”(中华书局影印惧盈斋本,第1册,209页)按当议成于宝庆元年(1225年),正式设置于二年(1226年)", "source uri" : "" }