{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32339", "sys_id" : "hvd_32339", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湖州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湖州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "602", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "605", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.86496", "longitude" : "120.09931", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江湖州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "602", "end year" : "605", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "602", "end_year" : "605", "child id" : "hvd_40127", "name" : "乌程县", "transcribed" : "Wucheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "603", "end_year" : "605", "child id" : "hvd_41357", "name" : "绥安县", "transcribed" : "Sui'on Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "602", "end_year" : "605", "child id" : "hvd_40138", "name" : "长城县", "transcribed" : "Changcheng Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湖州(603-605年)治所


隋仁寿二年(602年)于苏州乌程县置湖州,县为州治(今浙江湖州市)。又分乌程县置长城县属之。仁寿三年(603年)绥安县割属湖州,辖境扩大。①大业二年(606年)废湖州。县复属苏州。②

①《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:吴郡乌程:“旧置吴兴郡。平陈、郡废,并东迁县入焉。仁寿中置湖州。大业初州废。”(第3册,877页)同书卷:吴郡长城:“平陈废。仁寿二年复。”(第3册,877页)《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》:“湖州……隋平陈,废吴兴郡。仁寿二年於此置湖州。”(下册,605页)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》:湖州乌程县“梁置震州,取震泽为名。隋改湖州,取州东太湖为名。皆治乌程。”(第5册,1587页)仁寿中,据《元和志》当为仁寿二年(602年)。同治十三年《湖州府志》卷3《建置表》:“隋文帝开皇九年平陈,废吴兴郡,并武康入余杭,并故鄣、安吉、原乡入绥安,并东迁、长城入乌程,以余杭、临安、於潜属杭州,绥安属宣州,乌程入苏州,而陈留、义兴二郡及义兴县并废。仁寿二年改置湖州,治乌程。湖州之名始此。复分乌程及故义乡地置长城县,分余杭置武康县并属焉。炀帝大业二年废湖州,以乌程、长城属吴州,寻改吴州为吴郡,武康属杭州。寻改杭州为余杭郡。大业末复置吴兴郡。(注:《旧唐书·沈法兴传》:大业末为吴兴郡守,、。是时炀帝未被弑,法兴未起兵,已有吴兴郡。《旧志》以吴兴郡为法所立,譌。)”
《元和郡县志》卷28《江南道四》:宣州广德县:“宋为经(当作绥)安县,隋仁寿三年属湖州,大业二年移於今理,属宣州。至德二年,改为广德。”(下册,685页)
②《隋书》卷3《炀帝纪上》:大业“三年……夏四月,……壬辰,改州为郡。”(第1册,67页)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:“吴郡,陈置吴州。平陈,改曰苏州,大业初复曰吴州。”吴郡乌程:“旧置吴兴郡。平陈、郡废,并东迁县入焉。仁寿中置湖州。大业初州废。”(第3册,877页)《嘉泰吴兴志》卷1《建置沿革》:长兴县:“隋开皇九年平陈,以其地并入乌程,隶苏州。仁寿二年复分长城,再置湖州。大业三年复废,县仍属苏。”乌程县:“仁寿二年复分长城立湖州。大业二年又废。”(宋元方志丛刊第5册,4683页。中华书局影印本,)据《隋书》卷3《炀帝纪上》:大业三年夏四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(第1册,67页)则此处大业三年前应有三次变化:一是废湖州入苏州,二是苏州改吴州,三是吴州改吴郡。现有大业二、三年两说,选取二年说。", "source uri" : "" }