{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32334", "sys_id" : "hvd_32334", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "杭州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "杭州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "589", "begin rule" : "6", "end" : "606", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.29412", "longitude" : "120.16862", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江杭州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_40085", "name" : "余杭县", "transcribed" : "Yuhang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_40092", "name" : "富阳县", "transcribed" : "Fuyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_40100", "name" : "於潜县", "transcribed" : "Yuqian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "602", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_40135", "name" : "武康县", "transcribed" : "Wukang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_40112", "name" : "盐官县", "transcribed" : "Yanguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "589", "end_year" : "606", "child id" : "hvd_40078", "name" : "钱唐县", "transcribed" : "Qiantang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32356", "name" : "钱塘郡", "transcribed" : "Qiantang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "杭州(589-602年)治所

隋开皇九年(589年)平陈置杭州,州治钱塘县(今浙江杭州市),领县六:钱塘、盐官、余杭、绥安、富阳、於潜。①仁寿三年(603年)绥安县属湖州。②时领县六:钱塘、余杭、富阳、於潜、盐官、武康(仁寿二年复置)。大业三年(607年)改为余杭郡。③

①《陈书》卷6《陈后主纪》:“祯明元年……冬十一月乙亥,割扬州吴郡置吴州,割钱塘县为郡,属焉。”(第1册,114页)《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》:杭州“陈祯明中置钱塘郡,隋平陈,废郡为州。”(下册,602页)《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:“余杭郡,平陈,置杭州。……统县六:……钱塘,旧置钱塘郡。平陈,废郡。并所领新城县入。大业三年置余杭郡。……富阳……余杭……於潜……盐官……武康,平陈废,仁寿二年复。”(第3册,878页)《太平寰宇记》卷93杭州:“陈以为钱塘郡。隋平陈,废郡,改为钱塘县。又省陈留为绥安县,割吴郡之盐官,吴兴之余杭,合四县置杭州,在余杭县,盖因其县以立名。十年移州居钱塘城。十一年复移州于柳浦西依山筑城,即今郡是也。炀帝初废州为余杭郡。唐武德四年平李子通,置杭州,领钱塘、富阳、余杭三县。”(光绪金陵书局本)隋开皇九年(589年)改钱塘郡为县,置杭州,据《寰宇记》领四县,然据《补陈疆域志》钱塘郡领县四:钱塘、富阳、於潜、新城。(《二十五史补编》第4册,4446页)按:开皇九年时所置杭州应领:钱塘(见《隋志》、《寰宇记》),盐官(见《隋志》、《寰宇记》),余杭(见《隋志》、《寰宇记》,还包有武康县,《隋志》余杭郡武康:“平陈废,仁寿二年复。”废入何县,不明。然《隋志》不云复置后改隶,则可理解为废入余杭县。因其时乌程、长城属苏州。武康只能废入余杭县。此时武康县境还包括唐天授二年分置之德清县),绥安(见《寰宇记》。按《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:宣城郡绥安“旧曰石封,平陈,改名焉。梁末立大梁(应为广梁,避杨广讳改)郡,又改为陈留。平陈,郡废,省大德、故鄣、安吉、原乡四县入焉。”(第3册,877页)则其时绥安包有广德、故鄣、安吉、原乡四县地,相当今广德、郎溪、安吉及长兴部分地(故鄣县),,富阳(按:隋平陈废钱塘郡立杭州,则当将钱塘郡所领之县均属杭州。《舆地纪胜》卷2《两浙西路》临安府富阳县:“隋置杭州属焉。”第1册,83页)。《隋志》“并所领新城县入”,应指并入富阳县。按地理形势,新城只能并入富阳,不能并入钱塘),於潜(陈属钱塘郡,改置杭州,当仍属杭州。)
②《元和郡县志》卷28《江南道四》:宣州广德县:“宋为经(当作绥)安县,隋仁寿三年属湖州,大业二年移於今理,属宣州。至德二年,改为广德。”(下册,685页)
③《隋书》卷3《炀帝纪上》:大业“三年……夏四月,……壬辰,改州为郡。”(第1册,67页)", "source uri" : "" }