{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32311", "sys_id" : "hvd_32311", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "潤州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "润州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Run Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1112", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "32.20649", "longitude" : "119.44429", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏镇江市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30067", "name" : "浙江西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "765", "parent id" : "hvd_30068", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_30069", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "779", "parent id" : "hvd_30070", "name" : "浙江东西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "780", "end year" : "780", "parent id" : "hvd_30071", "name" : "浙江西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "781", "end year" : "786", "parent id" : "hvd_30072", "name" : "浙江东西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "787", "end year" : "804", "parent id" : "hvd_30073", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "805", "end year" : "808", "parent id" : "hvd_30074", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "809", "end year" : "857", "parent id" : "hvd_30075", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "858", "end year" : "858", "parent id" : "hvd_30076", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "859", "end year" : "861", "parent id" : "hvd_30077", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "892", "parent id" : "hvd_30078", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "893", "end year" : "909", "parent id" : "hvd_30081", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "910", "end year" : "911", "parent id" : "hvd_30093", "name" : "润州观察使", "transcribed" : "Runzhou Guanchashi" }, { "begin year" : "912", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_30094", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "917", "end year" : "936", "parent id" : "hvd_30096", "name" : "润州团练使", "transcribed" : "Runzhou Tuanlianshi" }, { "begin year" : "937", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30097", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_30327", "name" : "江南路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30041", "name" : "江南东路", "transcribed" : "Jiangnandong Lu" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30046", "name" : "两浙东北路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhedongbei Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1075", "parent id" : "hvd_30047", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1076", "end year" : "1076", "parent id" : "hvd_30048", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1077", "end year" : "1112", "parent id" : "hvd_30049", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "886", "child id" : "hvd_40545", "name" : "上元县", "transcribed" : "Shangyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40570", "name" : "丹徒县", "transcribed" : "Dantu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40576", "name" : "丹阳县", "transcribed" : "Danyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "886", "child id" : "hvd_40533", "name" : "句容县", "transcribed" : "Jurong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1071", "child id" : "hvd_40578", "name" : "延陵县", "transcribed" : "Yanling Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40595", "name" : "金坛县", "transcribed" : "Jintan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32307", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "润州(758年-1112年)治所

唐乾元元年(758年)改丹阳郡为润州,治丹徒县(今江苏镇江市),领丹徒、丹阳、延陵、金坛四县(1)。属浙西节度使,二年属浙西观察使,上元元年(760年)属浙西节度使(2)。上元二年(761年)以升州上元县改属润州,辖境扩大。上元二年(761年)废升州,改原属升州之江宁县为上元县,还隶润州,辖境扩大,治所仍在丹徒县。光启三年(887年)以润州上元县置升州(3),润州辖境缩小。政和三年(1113年)升为镇江府(4)。

注:
(1)(3)《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》,北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1583—1585页;《新唐书》卷41《地理志三》,北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1056—1057页。
(2)吴廷燮《唐方镇年表》卷5《浙西》,北京,中华书局,1980年,2册,742—743页。
(4)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》,北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2175页。", "source uri" : "" }