{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32118", "sys_id" : "hvd_32118", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福州路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福州路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fuzhou Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1278", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1367", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1280", "parent id" : "hvd_30007", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" }, { "begin year" : "1281", "end year" : "1281", "parent id" : "hvd_30008", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" }, { "begin year" : "1282", "end year" : "1282", "parent id" : "hvd_30009", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" }, { "begin year" : "1283", "end year" : "1284", "parent id" : "hvd_30010", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" }, { "begin year" : "1285", "end year" : "1285", "parent id" : "hvd_30142", "name" : "江西行省", "transcribed" : "Jiangxi Xingsh" }, { "begin year" : "1286", "end year" : "1296", "parent id" : "hvd_30016", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" }, { "begin year" : "1297", "end year" : "1298", "parent id" : "hvd_30017", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" }, { "begin year" : "1299", "end year" : "1355", "parent id" : "hvd_30039", "name" : "浙江行省", "transcribed" : "ZheJiang Xings" }, { "begin year" : "1356", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_30018", "name" : "福建行省", "transcribed" : "Fujian Xingshe" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40178", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40207", "name" : "古田县", "transcribed" : "Gutian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40223", "name" : "宁德县", "transcribed" : "Ningde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40180", "name" : "怀安县", "transcribed" : "Huai'an" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40212", "name" : "永福县", "transcribed" : "Yongfu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1286", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40218", "name" : "福宁州", "transcribed" : "Funing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40201", "name" : "福安县", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1294", "child id" : "hvd_40196", "name" : "福清县", "transcribed" : "Fuqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1295", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40197", "name" : "福清州", "transcribed" : "Fuqing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40204", "name" : "罗源县", "transcribed" : "Luoyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40200", "name" : "连江县", "transcribed" : "Lianjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40828", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1285", "child id" : "hvd_40227", "name" : "长溪县", "transcribed" : "Changxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40172", "name" : "闽县", "transcribed" : "Min Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1278", "end_year" : "1367", "child id" : "hvd_40210", "name" : "闽清县", "transcribed" : "Minqing Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福州路(1278-1367年)界线和治所

元至元十五年(1278年),以福安府改置1。属福建行中书省(治今泉州),十八年为福建行中书省治所,十九年属福建行中书省(治今泉州),二十年复为福建行中书省治所,二十二年属江浙行省;大德元年(1297年)为江浙行省福建道宣慰司治;至正十六年(1356年)属福建行中书省治,二十六年(1366年)改为行枢密院治2。治所闽县、候官,即今福建省福州市;领县十三:闽县,候官,怀安,古田,闽清,长乐,连江,罗源,永福,长溪,福安,宁德,福清;至元二十三年(1286年),长溪县升为福宁州,领宁德,福安二县;元贞元年(1295年),福清县升福清州3。辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区4。明洪武元年(1368年),改为福州府5。
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1,《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“宋太平兴国三年,仍曰福州长乐郡威武军,为福建路治。景炎元年升福安府。元至元十五年,改福州路。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
2,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰使司·福州路:“唐为闽州,后改福州,又为长乐郡,又为威武军。宋为福建路。元至元十五年,为福州路。十八年,迁泉州行省于本州。十九年,复还泉州。二十年,仍迁本州。二十二年,并入杭州。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,1503-1504页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷424·福建统部·建置沿革:“雍熙二年,改福建路。…至元十五年置行中书省,二十二年罢,属江浙行省。大德元年置福建道宣慰司都元帅府。至正十六年复置行中书省,二十六年罢,《通志》改置行枢密院。寻为陈友定所据。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
3,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰使司·福州路:领“县九、州二。州领县二。”“县九:闽县、倚郭,候官、倚郭,怀安,古田,闽清,长乐,连江,罗源,永福。”“州二:福清州,唐析长溪八乡置万安县,又改福唐,又改福清,元元贞元年,升为州;福宁州,唐长溪县,元升为福宁州,领县二:宁德,福安。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,1504页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷436·福宁府建置沿革:“天宝元年,改曰长溪。五代、宋因之。元至元二十三年,升为福宁州,属福州路。明洪武二年,降为县。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,161册)。
4,《明史》卷45·地理六·福州府:元至元十五年为福州路,领县九:闽县、倚,候官、倚,怀安,古田,闽清,长乐,连江,罗源,永福;州二:福清、福宁。福宁州领县二:宁德、福安。洪武元年改为福州府,领州县如旧。二年,改福清、福宁为县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1122、1131-1132页)。元至明初,所领州县相同,未见省并,据此,元福州路境域,即明洪武元年福州府境域。
明洪武元年,原福宁州境域,据光绪十年《福安县志》卷3·疆域·都图:明“景泰间,割平溪里十一至十四凡四都隶建宁府寿宁县。”(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第78号,36页)。按:平溪里市十一至十四都,在今寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区。则此区在洪武二年以前,当属福州路境域。
《嘉庆一统志》卷436·福宁府·关隘:“后溪关,在霞浦县西北一百二十里柘洋”;“垒石关,在福鼎县廉江里”;“分水关,在福鼎县北四十里分水岭,与浙江平阳县接界”;“南靖关,在宁德县南十五里,接罗源县界,飞鸾岭关在县南二十里”;“芦门巡司,在(霞浦)县西北一百四十里,嘉靖中徙桐山堡,本朝乾隆四年于堡置福鼎县”;“柘洋巡司,在霞浦县西北一百二十里”;“石堂巡司,在宁德县西北一百二十里”;“渔洋巡司,在寿宁县东南六十里斜滩,旧置于县东渔溪,属福安县,明景泰六年移官台山,弘治中又移于此”;“莆门镇,在福鼎县东南,与浙江温州府接界”;“麻岭镇,在宁德县北二百余里”。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,161册)。据《嘉庆一统志》,霞浦置于福宁州治;福鼎分霞浦县地置。据内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》福建省:柘荣县,以柘洋特种区改置,1945年8月3日国府核准备案;周宁县,以周敦特种区改置,1945年2月9日国府核准备案。(商务印书馆,1947年,64页)。据此,明洪武元年至景泰六年,原福宁州境域,相当今福建省霞浦、宁德、福安、福鼎、柘荣等市县地以及寿宁县斜滩溪流域、周宁县洋溪流域以南地区。
明洪武元年,福州府境域除以上原福宁州境域之外,尚包括《明史》卷45·福州府所领九县境域。“闽,倚;侯官,倚;长乐;福清;连江;罗源;古田,东有杉洋镇、西南有谷口镇、西北有西溪镇;闽清;永福,有祭门巡检司,后", "source uri" : "" }