{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32090", "sys_id" : "hvd_32090", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "嘉興府", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "嘉兴府", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiaxing Fu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "府", "alternate name" : "府", "transcription" : "fu", "English" : "superior prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1195", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.76747", "longitude" : "120.75320", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江嘉兴县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1195", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30050", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30027", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1195", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40493", "name" : "华亭县", "transcribed" : "Huating Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1195", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40057", "name" : "嘉兴县", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1195", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40062", "name" : "崇德县", "transcribed" : "Chongde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1195", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_40073", "name" : "海盐县", "transcribed" : "Haiyan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32444", "name" : "秀州", "transcribed" : "Xiu Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "嘉兴府(1195-1276年)界线和治所


南宋庆元元年(1195年)升秀州为嘉兴府。领嘉兴、华亭、海盐、崇德四县,辖境同秀州。①元至元十四年(1277年)改为嘉兴路。②

①《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:“嘉兴府,本秀州,……庆元元年。以孝宗所生之地,升府。……领县四:嘉兴、华亭、海盐、崇德。”(第7册,2177页)
②《至元嘉禾志》卷1《沿革》:“庆元元年以是郡为孝宗毓圣之地,升嘉兴府。……至元十四年三月改为嘉兴路总管府。领府一县三。”(宋元方志丛刊,中华书局影印本,第5册,4417页)


嘉兴府(1195—1276年)界线

其时嘉兴府领嘉兴、华亭、海盐、崇德(1958年并入桐乡)四县,相当今上海市吴淞江、虬江故道以南的上海市境,嘉兴市、嘉善(明宣德五年分嘉兴地置)、平湖(明宣德五年分海盐地置)、桐乡(明宣德五年分嘉兴地置)、海盐等市县地。其州界东至海,北界至吴松江虬江故道,西北界北段同今上海市界,向南经朱家角西北一段在今界之南,西向经淀山湖后,即今上海市界,再西即今吴江县与浙江嘉善、嘉兴市分界;①西南以乌镇为桐乡与湖州市分界线;②南界西段即今海宁市与桐乡市、海盐县分界线,唯今海宁市治(硖石镇)以北一块凸出地以长水塘为界东属海盐,西属桐乡。③海盐县以南即以杭州湾为界。

①参见苏州(939—1112年)条
②参见湖州(979—1225年)条
③据《浙江全省舆图并水陆道里记》海宁县图今海宁市治(硖石镇)以北地以长水塘为界,东部属海盐,西部属桐乡。", "source uri" : "" }