{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32089", "sys_id" : "hvd_32089", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "948", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1275", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "950", "parent id" : "hvd_30109", "name" : "威武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Weiwujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "951", "end year" : "976", "parent id" : "hvd_30110", "name" : "彰武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhangwujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "977", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30111", "name" : "威武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Weiwujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30020", "name" : "两浙西南路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexinan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1022", "parent id" : "hvd_30000", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1023", "end year" : "1125", "parent id" : "hvd_30001", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1126", "end year" : "1127", "parent id" : "hvd_30002", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1128", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_30003", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1132", "end year" : "1132", "parent id" : "hvd_30004", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1133", "end year" : "1133", "parent id" : "hvd_30005", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1134", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_30006", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40178", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "979", "child id" : "hvd_40205", "name" : "古田县", "transcribed" : "Gutian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "980", "end_year" : "987", "child id" : "hvd_40206", "name" : "古田县", "transcribed" : "Gutian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "988", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40207", "name" : "古田县", "transcribed" : "Gutian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40223", "name" : "宁德县", "transcribed" : "Ningde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "949", "child id" : "hvd_40322", "name" : "德化县", "transcribed" : "Dehua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "981", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_40179", "name" : "怀安县", "transcribed" : "Huai'an" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40180", "name" : "怀安县", "transcribed" : "Huai'an" }, { "begin_year" : "1021", "end_year" : "1021", "child id" : "hvd_40203", "name" : "永昌县", "transcribed" : "Yongchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1101", "child id" : "hvd_40211", "name" : "永泰县", "transcribed" : "Yongtai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1102", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40212", "name" : "永福县", "transcribed" : "Yongfu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1020", "child id" : "hvd_40202", "name" : "永贞县", "transcribed" : "Yongzhen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1244", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40201", "name" : "福安县", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40196", "name" : "福清县", "transcribed" : "Fuqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1022", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40204", "name" : "罗源县", "transcribed" : "Luoyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40200", "name" : "连江县", "transcribed" : "Lianjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40828", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40227", "name" : "长溪县", "transcribed" : "Changxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40172", "name" : "闽县", "transcribed" : "Min Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_40210", "name" : "闽清县", "transcribed" : "Minqing Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32088", "name" : "长乐府", "transcribed" : "Changle Fu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福州(948-1275年)治所

五代后汉乾祐元年(吴越乾祐元年,948年),以长乐府改置,属吴越,割尤溪县隶剑州。治所闽县、侯官,即今福建福州市。领县十二:闽、候官、长乐、福清、连江、长溪、古田、永泰、闽清、罗源、宁德、德化1。辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县、德化等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区以及大田县东南部地区3。乾祐三年(950年),析德化县隶属清源军,州境南部缩小,治所仍在闽县。景炎元年(1276年),改为福安府2。
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1,《舆地纪胜》卷128·福建路·福州·州沿革:“唐末,王潮之弟审知入福州(《通鉴》王潮入福州,在景福二年),升为威武军,拜潮为节度使,梁封审知为闽王(开平三年)。后唐时,王氏建伪国,升为长乐府(《通鉴》在长兴二年)。其后,李仁达自立(汉乾祐初),举以归吴越(汉乾祐初)。周改威武为彰武军。皇朝钱氏纳土(太平兴国元年),复为威武军,属两浙西南路(国朝《会要》在太平兴国元年)。…今领县十二,治闽、候官两县。”县沿革:闽县,倚郭;候官,倚郭;长乐;福清;连江;长溪;古田;永泰;闽清;罗源;宁德;怀安,太平兴国六年析闽县置。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3641-3646页)。
2,《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“宋太平兴国三年,仍曰福州长乐郡威武军,为福建路治。景炎元年升福安府。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。", "source uri" : "" }