{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32088", "sys_id" : "hvd_32088", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "長樂府", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "长乐府", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changle Fu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "府", "alternate name" : "府", "transcription" : "fu", "English" : "superior prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "933", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "947", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "933", "end year" : "947", "parent id" : "hvd_30109", "name" : "威武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Weiwujun Jiedushi" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "934", "child id" : "hvd_40825", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "935", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40178", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "942", "end_year" : "944", "child id" : "hvd_40195", "name" : "南台县", "transcribed" : "Nantai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40205", "name" : "古田县", "transcribed" : "Gutian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40223", "name" : "宁德县", "transcribed" : "Ningde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "941", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40827", "name" : "安昌县", "transcribed" : "Anchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40318", "name" : "尤溪县", "transcribed" : "Youxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40322", "name" : "德化县", "transcribed" : "Dehua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40211", "name" : "永泰县", "transcribed" : "Yongtai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40202", "name" : "永贞县", "transcribed" : "Yongzhen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "941", "child id" : "hvd_40194", "name" : "福清县", "transcribed" : "Fuqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "945", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40196", "name" : "福清县", "transcribed" : "Fuqing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40200", "name" : "连江县", "transcribed" : "Lianjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "934", "child id" : "hvd_40169", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "935", "end_year" : "940", "child id" : "hvd_40826", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "941", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40171", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40227", "name" : "长溪县", "transcribed" : "Changxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "934", "child id" : "hvd_40177", "name" : "闽兴县", "transcribed" : "Minxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "935", "end_year" : "940", "child id" : "hvd_40170", "name" : "闽县", "transcribed" : "Min Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_40210", "name" : "闽清县", "transcribed" : "Minqing Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32087", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "长乐府(933-947年)界线和治所

五代后唐长兴四年(闽龙启元年,933年),以福州改置,为闽国国都,并析置永贞、宁德二县来属1。府治闽兴、长乐,即今福建福州市,领县十三:闽、候官、长乐、福清、连江、长溪、古田、尤溪、永泰、闽清、永贞、宁德、德化2。辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县、德化县、尤溪县、大田县等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区3。后晋开运元年(944年),闽国灭亡,长乐府改属殷国;开运二年(945年)二月,李仁达复闽国,长乐府仍为国都4。汉乾祐元年(吴越乾祐元年,948年),改名福州,改隶吴越,并割尤溪县属剑州5。
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1,《舆地纪胜》卷128·福建路·福州·州沿革:“唐末,王潮之弟审知入福州(《通鉴》王潮入福州,在景福二年),升为威武军,拜潮为节度使,梁封审知为闽王(开平三年)。后唐时,王氏建伪国,升为长乐府(《通鉴》在长兴二年)。其后,李仁达自立(汉乾祐初),举以归吴越(汉乾祐初)。周改威武为彰武军。皇朝钱氏纳土(太平兴国元年),复为威武军,属两浙西南路(国朝《会要》在太平兴国元年)。…今领县十二,治闽、候官两县。”县沿革:闽县,倚郭;候官,倚郭;长乐;福清;连江;长溪;古田;永泰;闽清;罗源;宁德;怀安,太平兴国六年析闽县置。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3641-3646页)。《太平寰宇记》卷100·江南东道十三·福州:“元领县十,今领十二:闽、侯官、福清、连江、古田、永泰、长溪、长乐、永贞(长兴四年改为县)、闽清(梁乾化元年改为县)、宁德(长兴四年改为县)、怀安(皇朝太平兴国七年割闽县敦业等九乡置)。二县划出:尤溪,入南剑州;德化,入泉州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。
按:《嘉庆一统志》卷424·福建统部·建置沿革引《五代史》,梁开平三年,梁封王审知为闽王。同光三年,王延翰自建闽国,称王。后唐长兴四年,王延钧以闽国正式称帝,改元。今据此作后唐长兴四年,王延钧称帝时升福州为长乐府,以为闽国都城。
2,参见注1。
3,五代后唐长兴四年以后,福州所领十二县境域,基本为宋代福州、元代福州路、明初福州府所沿袭,境域未见变迁记载。据《嘉庆一统志》卷425福建省福州府沿革记载,辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。具体资料,参见元代“福州路(1278-1367年)”条。所不同者,此时福州境域尚包括尤溪县和德化县。据《嘉庆一统志》卷438·永春州·建置沿革·大田县:“唐以后为尤溪县地。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,162册)。《太平寰宇记》卷102·江南东道十四·泉州·德化县:“元属福州,伪命日置。庚戌年归属当州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,20册)。据此,此时福州境域除上述范围之外,当包括今尤溪、大田和德化三县。
4,《资治通鉴》卷283·后晋纪四·齐王天福八年二月:“闽富沙王延政称帝于建州,国号大殷,大赦,改元天德。以将乐县为镛州,延平镇为镡州。”开运元年二月闽主李文进“以羽林统军使黄绍颇为泉州刺史,左军使程文纬为漳州刺史。汀州刺史同安许文稹,举郡降之。”十月“殷主延政遣其将陈敬佺以兵三千屯尤溪及古田,卢进以兵二千屯长溪。”十一月,刘从效斩泉州刺史黄绍颇,请王继勋主军府,遣陈洪进函绍颇首献于建州。洪进至尤溪,福州戍兵数千遮道。洪进以绍颇首示众,众溃,大将数人从洪进至建州。延政以继勋为泉州刺史,从效、洪进皆为都指挥使。漳州将程谟闻之,杀刺史程文纬,立王继成权知州事。汀州刺史许文稹奉表请降于殷。十二月乙未,朱(李)文进遣同平章事李光准等奉国宝于殷。丁酉,南廊福州承旨林任翰“斩文进,迎吴成义入城,函二首(朱文进、连重遇)送建州。”开运二年正月,“闽之故臣共迎殷主延政,请归福州,改国号曰闽。延政以方有唐兵,未暇迁都,以从子门下侍郎、同平章事继昌都督南都内外诸军事,镇福州;以飞捷指挥使黄仁讽为使,将兵卫之。”二月,李仁达与黄仁讽合谋“杀继昌及吴成义”,己亥,立雪峰寺僧卓严明为帝。五月丁巳,李仁达刺杀卓严明,自称威武留后,用保大年号。八月丁亥,唐“克建州,闽主延政降。”“九月,许文稹以汀州,王继勋以泉州,王继成以漳州,皆降于唐。唐置永安军于建州。”(北京,中华书局,1956年,19册,9246、9269、9277、9279、9283、9287、9292页。20册,9297页)。
5,《舆地纪胜》卷128·福建路·福州·州沿革:“后", "source uri" : "" }