{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32087", "sys_id" : "hvd_32087", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fu Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "932", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "759", "parent id" : "hvd_30021", "name" : "福建都防御使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Dufangy" }, { "begin year" : "760", "end year" : "770", "parent id" : "hvd_30022", "name" : "福建节度使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Jiedush" }, { "begin year" : "771", "end year" : "896", "parent id" : "hvd_30023", "name" : "福建都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Dutuanl" }, { "begin year" : "897", "end year" : "932", "parent id" : "hvd_30109", "name" : "威武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Weiwujun Jiedushi" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "788", "child id" : "hvd_40174", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "789", "end_year" : "807", "child id" : "hvd_40175", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "810", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40176", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40205", "name" : "古田县", "transcribed" : "Gutian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "911", "end_year" : "922", "child id" : "hvd_40186", "name" : "安昌县", "transcribed" : "Anchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40318", "name" : "尤溪县", "transcribed" : "Youxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "932", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40322", "name" : "德化县", "transcribed" : "Dehua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "908", "end_year" : "922", "child id" : "hvd_40192", "name" : "永昌县", "transcribed" : "Yongchang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "766", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40211", "name" : "永泰县", "transcribed" : "Yongtai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "907", "child id" : "hvd_40191", "name" : "福唐县", "transcribed" : "Futang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "923", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40193", "name" : "福唐县", "transcribed" : "Futang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40200", "name" : "连江县", "transcribed" : "Lianjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "759", "child id" : "hvd_40183", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "760", "end_year" : "807", "child id" : "hvd_40184", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "810", "end_year" : "910", "child id" : "hvd_40185", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "923", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40187", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40227", "name" : "长溪县", "transcribed" : "Changxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40168", "name" : "闽县", "transcribed" : "Min Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "911", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_40210", "name" : "闽清县", "transcribed" : "Minqing Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32086", "name" : "长乐郡", "transcribed" : "Changle Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福州(758-932年)界线和治所

福州(758-788年)

唐乾元元年(758年),以长乐郡改置1。初为福州都督府治,兼福建都防御使治,上元元年(760年),改为福建节度使治,大历六年(771年)为福建都团练观察使治2。州治闽县,即今福建福州市;初领县八:闽县、侯官、长乐、福唐、连江、长溪、古田、尤溪;永泰二年(766年)置永泰县来属,领县九3。辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县、尤溪县、大田县、德化县等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区4。贞元五年(789年),侯官移入州郭,州治闽县、侯官二县5。
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1,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·江南东道·福州中都督府:“开元十三年,改(闽州)为福州,依旧都督府,仍置经略使。”“旧属岭南道,天宝初,改属江南东道,寻改为长乐郡。乾元元年,复为福州都督府。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1598页)。《舆地纪胜》卷128·福州:“隶江南东道(《长乐志》云,正观初隶岭南道,天宝元年隶江南东道。)改为长乐郡(天宝元年)。复为福州(乾元元年)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3640页)。
2,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·福州中都督府:“乾元元年,复为福州都督府。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1598页)。《新唐书》卷68·方镇五·福建:乾元元年“改福建经略使为都防御使兼宁海军使。”上元元年“升福建都防御使为节度使。”大历六年“废福建节度使,置都团练观察处置使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1899-1907页)。
3,《元和郡县图志》卷29·江南道五·福州:首县“闽:平陈,郡废,县改曰原丰。十二年改曰闽。皇朝因之。”“侯官县:武德六年于锦州西北三十一里置,八年废。长安二年重置,贞元五年观察使郑叔则奏移于州郭。”“长乐县:本隋闽县地,武德六年分置长乐县。”“福唐县:圣历二年析长乐县东南界置万安县,天宝元年改名福唐。”“连江县:本汉冶县地,晋分立温麻县。武德六年移于连江之北,改为连江县。”“长溪县:长安二年割晋温麻旧县北四乡置长溪县。”“尤溪县:开元二十九年开山洞置。”“古田县:开元二十九年开山洞置。”“永泰县:永泰二年观察使李承昭开山洞置。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,715-718页)。
4,唐乾元元年以后,福州境域,基本为宋代福州、元代福州路、明初福州府所沿袭,境域未见变迁记载。据《嘉庆一统志》卷425福建省福州府沿革记载,辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。具体资料,参见元代“福州路(1278-1367年)”条。所不同者,此时福州境域尚包括尤溪县、大田县和德化县。据《嘉庆一统志》卷438·永春州·建置沿革·大田县:“唐以后为尤溪县地。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,162册)。《太平寰宇记》卷102·江南东道十四·泉州·德化县:“元属福州,伪命日置。庚戌年归属当州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,20册)。据此,此时福州境域除上述范围之外,当包括今尤溪、大田和德化三县。
5,参见注3。

福州(789-908年)

唐贞元五年(789年),移侯官县入州郭1。初为福州都督府治,兼福建观察使治,乾宁四年(897年),改为福建威武军节度使2。州治闽县、侯官二县,即今福建福州市。初领县九:闽县、侯官、长乐、福唐、连江、长溪、古田、尤溪、永泰3。辖境相当今福建省福州市区、福清市和闽侯县、连江县、永泰县、闽清县、罗源县、长乐县、古田县、屏南县、平潭县,以及宁德市、霞浦县、福安县、福鼎县、柘荣县、尤溪县、大田县、德化县等市县地和周宁县洋溪以南地区、寿宁县斜滩溪下游地区4。景福二年(893年),福建为王潮、王审知的王闽政权所割据5。梁开平三年(909年),梁封王审知为闽王,以福州为闽国国都,是为闽国之开始6。
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1,《元和郡县图志》卷29·江南道五·福州:首县“闽:平陈,郡废,县改曰原丰。十二年改曰闽。皇朝因之。”“侯官县:武德六年于锦州西北三十一里置,八年废。长安二年重置,贞元五年观察使郑叔则奏移于州郭。”“长乐县:本隋闽县地,武德六年分置长乐县。”“福唐县:圣历二年析长乐县东南界置万安县,天宝元年改名福唐。”“连江县:本汉冶县地,晋分立温麻县。武德六年移于连江之北,改为连江县。”“长溪县:长安二年割晋温麻旧县北四乡", "source uri" : "" }