{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32075", "sys_id" : "hvd_32075", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "泉州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "泉州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Quan Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1277", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.90964", "longitude" : "118.58990", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省泉州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "759", "parent id" : "hvd_30021", "name" : "福建都防御使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Dufangy" }, { "begin year" : "760", "end year" : "770", "parent id" : "hvd_30022", "name" : "福建节度使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Jiedush" }, { "begin year" : "771", "end year" : "896", "parent id" : "hvd_30023", "name" : "福建都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Dutuanl" }, { "begin year" : "897", "end year" : "943", "parent id" : "hvd_30109", "name" : "威武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Weiwujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "944", "end year" : "944", "parent id" : "hvd_30112", "name" : "镇武军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenwujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "945", "end year" : "948", "parent id" : "hvd_30113", "name" : "永安军节度使", "transcribed" : "Yong'anjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "949", "end year" : "963", "parent id" : "hvd_100004", "name" : "清源", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan" }, { "begin year" : "964", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_100005", "name" : "平海", "transcribed" : "Pinghai" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30020", "name" : "两浙西南路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexinan Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1022", "parent id" : "hvd_30000", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1023", "end year" : "1125", "parent id" : "hvd_30001", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1126", "end year" : "1127", "parent id" : "hvd_30002", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1128", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_30003", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1132", "end year" : "1132", "parent id" : "hvd_30004", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1133", "end year" : "1133", "parent id" : "hvd_30005", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1134", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_30006", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_30027", "name" : "江淮行省", "transcribed" : "Jianghuai Xing" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "978", "child id" : "hvd_40300", "name" : "仙游县", "transcribed" : "Xianyou Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40256", "name" : "南安县", "transcribed" : "Nan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "939", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40260", "name" : "同安县", "transcribed" : "Tong'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "1121", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40262", "name" : "安溪县", "transcribed" : "Anxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "950", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40322", "name" : "德化县", "transcribed" : "Dehua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "981", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40258", "name" : "惠安县", "transcribed" : "Hui'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40257", "name" : "晋江县", "transcribed" : "Jinjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "932", "end_year" : "937", "child id" : "hvd_40320", "name" : "桃源县", "transcribed" : "Taoyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "938", "end_year" : "1277", "child id" : "hvd_40321", "name" : "永春县", "transcribed" : "Yongchun Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "955", "end_year" : "1120", "child id" : "hvd_40261", "name" : "清溪县", "transcribed" : "Qingxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "978", "child id" : "hvd_40298", "name" : "莆田县", "transcribed" : "Putian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "955", "end_year" : "979", "child id" : "hvd_40339", "name" : "长泰县", "transcribed" : "Changtai Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32074", "name" : "清源郡", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "泉州(758-1277年)治所

唐乾元元年(758年),以清源郡改置1。初属福建都防御使,上元元年(760年),属福建节度使,大历六年(771年),属福建都团练使,乾宁四年(897年),属福建节度使。治所晋江县,即今福建泉州市,领县四:晋江、南安、莆田、仙游2。辖境相当今福建省莆田、仙游、永春、安溪、长泰、晋江、惠安、南安、同安和泉州、厦门诸市县境域。宋太平兴国三年(978年),平海军陈洪进纳土,泉州归于宋,属两浙西南路,治所仍在晋江。太平兴国四年(979年),割莆田、仙游二县隶属兴化军,辖境缩小,治所不变。太平兴国五年(980年),割长泰县隶属漳州,辖境再次缩小,治所仍在晋江。元至元十五年(1278年),以泉州升为泉州路2。
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1,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·江南东道·泉州:“开元二十九年,割龙溪属漳州。天宝元年,改泉州为清源郡。乾元元年,复为泉州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1599页)。
2,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·江南东道·泉州:“圣历二年,分泉州之南安、莆田、龙溪三县,置武荣州。三年,州废,三县还泉州。久视元年,又以三县置武荣州。景云二年,改为泉州。”“仙游,圣历二年,分莆田置清源县。天宝元年。改为仙游。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1599页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷428·泉州府·建置沿革:晋江县“隋为南安县地。唐久视元年置武荣州,景云二年改泉州,开元六年析南安县置晋江县为州治。五代宋因之。元为泉州路治。明为泉州府治。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。清晋江县即今泉州市。
2,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰使司·泉州路:“唐置武荣州,又改泉州。宋为平海军。元至元十四年,立行宣慰司,兼行征南元帅府事。十五年,改宣慰司为行中书省,升泉州路总管府。十八年,迁行省于福州路。十九年,复还泉州。二十年,仍迁福州路。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,1505页)。", "source uri" : "" }