{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32071", "sys_id" : "hvd_32071", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "蘇州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "苏州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Su Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1112", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.31271", "longitude" : "120.61862", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏苏州市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "760", "parent id" : "hvd_30067", "name" : "浙江西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "765", "parent id" : "hvd_30068", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "766", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_30069", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "779", "parent id" : "hvd_30070", "name" : "浙江东西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "780", "end year" : "780", "parent id" : "hvd_30071", "name" : "浙江西道团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "781", "end year" : "786", "parent id" : "hvd_30072", "name" : "浙江东西道节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangdongxi" }, { "begin year" : "787", "end year" : "804", "parent id" : "hvd_30073", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "805", "end year" : "808", "parent id" : "hvd_30074", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "809", "end year" : "857", "parent id" : "hvd_30075", "name" : "浙江西道观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "858", "end year" : "858", "parent id" : "hvd_30076", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "859", "end year" : "861", "parent id" : "hvd_30077", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" }, { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "892", "parent id" : "hvd_30078", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jie" }, { "begin year" : "893", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_30081", "name" : "镇海军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhenhaijun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "917", "end year" : "974", "parent id" : "hvd_30098", "name" : "中吴军节度使", "transcribed" : "Zhongwujun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "975", "end year" : "977", "parent id" : "hvd_30099", "name" : "平江军节度使", "transcribed" : "Pingjiangjun Jiedushi" }, { "begin year" : "978", "end year" : "984", "parent id" : "hvd_30046", "name" : "两浙东北路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhedongbei Lu" }, { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "1075", "parent id" : "hvd_30047", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1076", "end year" : "1076", "parent id" : "hvd_30048", "name" : "两浙西路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhexi Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1077", "end year" : "1112", "parent id" : "hvd_30049", "name" : "两浙路", "transcribed" : "Liangzhe Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "938", "child id" : "hvd_40493", "name" : "华亭县", "transcribed" : "Huating Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40406", "name" : "吴县", "transcribed" : "Wu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "909", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40413", "name" : "吴江县", "transcribed" : "Wujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "895", "child id" : "hvd_40056", "name" : "嘉兴县", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "896", "end_year" : "938", "child id" : "hvd_40057", "name" : "嘉兴县", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40380", "name" : "常熟县", "transcribed" : "Changshu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40396", "name" : "昆山县", "transcribed" : "Kunshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "938", "child id" : "hvd_40073", "name" : "海盐县", "transcribed" : "Haiyan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "1112", "child id" : "hvd_40407", "name" : "长洲县", "transcribed" : "Changzhoy Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32070", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "苏州(758-1112年)治所

唐乾元元年(758)改吴郡置,⑴属浙江西道。治吴县(今江苏苏州市城区),⑵领县七:吴、长洲、嘉兴、海盐、常熟、昆山、华亭。五代梁开平三年(909),吴越国割吴县地置吴江县,领8县。后晋天福四年(939),吴越国析嘉兴、华亭、海盐3县置秀州,辖境缩小。政和三年(1113)以徽宗节镇,敕升平江府。(3)


⑴《太平寰宇记》卷91《江南东道三》:“乾元元年,复为苏州。”(金陵书局刊本,2页)
⑵宋·范成大:《吴郡志》卷3《城郭》:“阖闾城,吴王阖闾自梅里徙都,即今郡城。”(《择是居丛书》景宋刻本。北京,中华书局,《宋元方志丛刊》,1990年,第1册,708页下)
正德《姑苏志》卷16《城池》:“府城即阖闾故城。自太伯城梅里平墟诸樊徙都于此。……自后历代皆仍其旧,至隋杨素徙城横山东,今所谓新郭也。唐武德末复还旧城。”(上海,上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》,12册,1页)
(3)元·脱脱:《宋史》卷88《地理四》:“本苏州,政和三年,升为府。”(北京,中华书局1977年校点本,2174页)
宋·范成大:《吴郡志》卷1《沿革》:“政和三年,以徽宗节镇之所,升苏州为平江府。”(南京,江苏古籍出版社,1999年,陆振岳校点本,4页)", "source uri" : "" }