{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32067", "sys_id" : "hvd_32067", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "吳郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "吴郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wu Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "607", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "620", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.27687", "longitude" : "120.58842", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏苏州市西横塘乡新郭村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "615", "child id" : "hvd_40127", "name" : "乌程县", "transcribed" : "Wucheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_40405", "name" : "吴县", "transcribed" : "Wu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_40379", "name" : "常熟县", "transcribed" : "Changshu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_40396", "name" : "昆山县", "transcribed" : "Kunshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "607", "end_year" : "615", "child id" : "hvd_40138", "name" : "长城县", "transcribed" : "Changcheng Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32064", "name" : "苏州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "吴郡(607-620年)治所

隋大业三年(607)改吴州为吴郡,⑴治吴县横山(在今江苏苏州市西横塘乡新郭村)。⑵领吴、昆山、常熟、乌程、长城等5县⑶。大业十二年(616)复置吴兴郡,界线缩小。⑷唐武德元四年(621)吴王杜伏威平李子通,复为苏州。(5)

注:
⑴宋·司马光:《资治通鉴》卷180:“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1956年校点本,12册,5629页)
⑵明·卢熊撰:洪武《苏州府志》卷1《沿革》:开皇“十一年,移州治于横山(即今新郭)。”(明洪武十二年修,抄本,2页B)
《读史方舆纪要》卷24《江南六》:“吴县,附郭。东汉永建中,为吴郡治。自是州郡皆治此。隋开皇九年,尝徙治于横山东。唐武德七年复旧。”(北京,中华书局,2册,1100页)
吴江县地方志编纂委员会编:《吴县志》第一章《建置》第三节《县治》:“隋开皇十一年(591),徙治于横山(今七子山)东5里处(今苏州市横塘乡新郭村)。唐武德七年(624),县治迁回原址。”(上海,上海古籍出版社,1994年,78页)
⑶唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“统县五。”(北京:中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,3册,877页)包括常熟县。
又《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“隋平陈,省晋陵郡,于苏州常熟县置常州。州名因县之旧字也。炀帝初州废,又为毗陵郡”(金陵书局本,18册,1页)则大业三年(607)改常州为晋陵郡前,常熟县属常州,不属苏州。大业三年(607)改常州为毗陵郡,治晋陵县,则常熟当还属吴郡。
⑷《隋书》卷31《地理志下》:吴郡吴兴县:“旧置吴兴郡。平陈,郡废,并东迁县入焉。仁寿中置湖州,大业初州废。”吴郡“陈置吴州。平陈,改曰苏州,大业初复曰吴州。”(第3册,877页)《隋书》卷3《炀帝纪上》:大业三年夏四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(第1册,67页)按《新唐书》卷87《沈法兴传》:“法兴,隋大业末为吴兴郡守,东阳贼楼世幹略其郡,炀帝诏与太仆丞元祐讨之。义宁二年,江都乱,法兴自以世南土,属姓数千家,远近响服,乃与祐将孙士汉、陈果仁执祐,名诛宇文化及,三月发东阳,行收兵,趋江都,下余杭,比至乌程,众六万毗陵通守路道德拒之,法兴约连和,因袭杀之,据其城,遂定江表十余州,自署江南道总管。……高祖武德二年称梁王,建元延康,易隋官仪,颇用陈氏故事。”(第12册,3726页)《旧唐书》卷56《沈法兴传》:“法兴,隋大业末为吴兴郡守。东阳贼帅楼世幹举兵围郡城,炀帝令法兴与太仆丞元祐讨之。俄而宇文化及弑炀帝於江都,法兴自以代居南土,宗族数千家,为远近所服,乃与祐部将孙士汉、陈果仁执祐於坐,号令远近,以诛化及为名。发自东阳,行收兵,将趋江都,下余杭,比至乌程,精卒六万。”(第7册,2272页)据此,则隋末有吴兴郡无疑。《隋志》为大业五年(609年)制,时无吴兴郡。《中国历史地图集》以大业八年(612年)为准,亦无吴兴郡。隋末有吴兴郡,时间姑定于大业十二年(616年)。当仍以乌程县为治。
(5)晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40:“苏州上,隋吴郡,隋末陷贼。武德四年,平李子通,置苏州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1586页)", "source uri" : "" }