{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32065", "sys_id" : "hvd_32065", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "建州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "建州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jian Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "741", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.03886", "longitude" : "118.32378", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省建瓯县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "724", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" }, { "begin year" : "725", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_30011", "name" : "福建经略使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Jinglue" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_40244", "name" : "唐兴县", "transcribed" : "Tangxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "689", "end_year" : "690", "child id" : "hvd_40245", "name" : "唐兴县", "transcribed" : "Tangxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "705", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_40247", "name" : "唐兴县", "transcribed" : "Tangxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "622", "end_year" : "623", "child id" : "hvd_40311", "name" : "将乐县", "transcribed" : "Jianle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "688", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_40312", "name" : "将乐县", "transcribed" : "Jianle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_40228", "name" : "建安县", "transcribed" : "Jian'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "625", "child id" : "hvd_40238", "name" : "建阳县", "transcribed" : "Jianyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "688", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_40239", "name" : "建阳县", "transcribed" : "Jianyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "691", "end_year" : "704", "child id" : "hvd_40246", "name" : "武宁县", "transcribed" : "Wuning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "623", "child id" : "hvd_40315", "name" : "沙县", "transcribed" : "Sha Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "655", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_40316", "name" : "沙县", "transcribed" : "Sha Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "628", "child id" : "hvd_40276", "name" : "绥城县", "transcribed" : "Suicheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "624", "end_year" : "741", "child id" : "hvd_40269", "name" : "邵武县", "transcribed" : "Shaowu Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "建州(621-741年)治所

唐武德四年(621年),以建安县置州1。州治建安,即今福建建瓯县。领县四:建安、建阳、绥城、唐兴(寻废入建安)2。辖境相当今福建寿宁、政和、松溪、浦城、建阳、建瓯、游溪、德化、大田、沙县、宁化、清流、建宁、泰宁、将乐、顺昌和三明市、永安市、南平市、武夷山市诸市县境域。武德七年(624年),割抚州邵武县来属,西部境域扩大,州治不变。开元二十四年(736年),析沙县属地置黄连县,属汀州,州境西南部缩小,州治仍在建安县。开元二十九年(741年),割沙县属地置尤溪县,属福州,南部境域缩小。天宝元年(742年),建州改为建安郡3。
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1,《舆地纪胜》卷128·福建路·福州·州沿革:“隋末陷于萧铣(唐平萧铣,得泉、建二州),移置建州于建安县(《新唐志》在武德四年,而《通鉴》载唐以武德五年,方有泉、建二州。不应武德四年预立州名也。当考)。唐平萧铣,有泉、建二州,而泉、建始并置矣(《通鉴》唐武德五年,唐使者王义重下泉、睦、建三州,而泉、建二州已并置矣。《图经》谓武德末有泉州、《新唐书》为武德六年,别置建州,是皆未考《通鉴》武德五年之所纪载也)。又以南安县置丰州(《新唐志》在武德五年),改为泉州(《旧唐志》在贞观元年),又移泉州之名於晋江县置。而此复为闽州(《唐会要》在景云二年)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3639-3640页)。据此,泉州在唐武德五年即已存在,非置于武德六年,更与贞观元年改丰州为泉州无关。泉州复置时间,当在唐武德五年或之前。《舆地纪胜》卷129·福建路·建宁府·府沿革:“隋平陈废为建安县,属泉州。炀帝立建安郡。隋末群盗割据,改建安郡为泉州(《通鉴》在武德五年。新旧《唐志》及《通典》并云武德四年置建州。不同。象之谨按:赵郡王孝恭李靖,以四年十月平萧铣,十一月李靖度岭下九十六州,而唐使者王义重亦以五年正月下泉、睦、建三州。是泉、睦、建三州,武德四年尚未属唐。则四年之改郡为州,乃群盗割据之日,非出于唐室之命令也。《唐志》及《通典》所书非是,今不取。)(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3689页)。据此,建安郡改为泉州、建安县置建州,当在武德四年,虽非唐室所改,但《唐书》、《通典》均已载入,不可不取。今据以武德四年为断。
2,《新唐书》卷41·地理五·建州:“武德四年置。县五。”“建安。”“邵武,本隶抚州,武德四年析置绥城县,隶建州,七年以邵武来属。贞观三年省绥城入焉。”“浦城,本吴兴,武德四年更名唐兴,后废入建安,载初元年复置,天授二年曰武宁,神龙元年复曰唐兴,天宝元年更名。”“建阳,武德四年置,八年省入建安,垂拱四年复置。”“将乐,武德五年析邵武县置,隶抚州,七年省,垂拱四年析邵武及故虽呈现地复置,元和三年省,五年复置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1064-1065页)。
3,《旧唐书》卷40·江南东道·建州:“天宝元年,改为建安郡。乾元元年,复为建州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1600页)。", "source uri" : "" }