{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32058", "sys_id" : "hvd_32058", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "泉州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "泉州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Quan Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "621", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "710", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "710", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "699", "end_year" : "710", "child id" : "hvd_40190", "name" : "万安县", "transcribed" : "Wan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "623", "end_year" : "624", "child id" : "hvd_40173", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "702", "end_year" : "710", "child id" : "hvd_40174", "name" : "侯官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_40256", "name" : "南安县", "transcribed" : "Nan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "698", "child id" : "hvd_40256", "name" : "南安县", "transcribed" : "Nan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "702", "end_year" : "710", "child id" : "hvd_40216", "name" : "温麻县", "transcribed" : "Wenma Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "698", "child id" : "hvd_40298", "name" : "莆田县", "transcribed" : "Putian Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "623", "end_year" : "710", "child id" : "hvd_40200", "name" : "连江县", "transcribed" : "Lianjiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "623", "end_year" : "710", "child id" : "hvd_40183", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "710", "child id" : "hvd_40168", "name" : "闽县", "transcribed" : "Min Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "621", "end_year" : "621", "child id" : "hvd_40327", "name" : "龙溪县", "transcribed" : "Longxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "627", "end_year" : "698", "child id" : "hvd_40327", "name" : "龙溪县", "transcribed" : "Longxi Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_32050", "name" : "建安郡", "transcribed" : "Jian'an Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "泉州(621-710年)治所

唐武德四年(621年),以建安郡改置1。州治闽县,即今福建福州市。领县三:闽县、南安、龙溪。武德五年(622年),于南安县置丰州,南境缩小,州治仍在闽县。唐贞观元年(627年),废丰州来属,南境扩大。为泉州都督府治。州治仍在闽县。唐垂拱二年(686年),析龙溪县南境置漳州,泉州南境又缩小,州治不变。唐圣历二年(699年),分南境置武荣州,南境再缩小,州治仍在闽县。景云二年(711年),泉州更名闽州2。
————————————————————
1,《元和郡县图志》卷29·江南道五·福州:“隋大业二年改为闽州,三年改为建安郡。武德六年,改为泉州。”管县九:首县“闽:平陈,郡废,县改曰原丰。十二年改曰闽。皇朝因之。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,715-716页)。《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·福州中都督府:“隋建安郡之闽县。贞观初,置泉州。”县十:首县“闽”。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,715-716页)。
案:泉州复置时间,《元和志》、《旧唐书》两书记载有异。《舆地纪胜》卷128·福建路·福州·州沿革:“隋末陷于萧铣(唐平萧铣,得泉、建二州),移置建州于建安县(《新唐志》在武德四年,而《通鉴》载唐以武德五年,方有泉、建二州。不应武德四年预立州名也。当考)。唐平萧铣,有泉、建二州,而泉、建始并置矣(《通鉴》唐武德五年,唐使者王义重下泉、睦、建三州,而泉、建二州已并置矣。《图经》谓武德末有泉州、《新唐书》为武德六年,别置建州,是皆未考《通鉴》武德五年之所纪载也)。又以南安县置丰州(《新唐志》在武德五年),改为泉州(《旧唐志》在贞观元年),又移泉州之名於晋江县置。而此复为闽州(《唐会要》在景云二年)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3639-3640页)。据此,泉州在唐武德五年即已存在,非置于武德六年,更与贞观元年改丰州为泉州无关。泉州复置时间,当在唐武德五年或之前。《舆地纪胜》卷129·福建路·建宁府·府沿革:“隋平陈废为建安县,属泉州。炀帝立建安郡。隋末群盗割据,改建安郡为泉州(《通鉴》在武德五年。新旧《唐志》及《通典》并云武德四年置建州。不同。象之谨按:赵郡王孝恭、李靖,以四年十月平萧铣,十一月李靖度岭下九十六州,而唐使者王义童亦以五年正月下泉、睦、建三州。是泉、睦、建三州,武德四年尚未属唐。则四年之改郡为州,乃群盗割据之日,非出于唐室之命令也。《唐志》及《通典》所书非是,今不取。)(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3689页)。据此,建安郡改为泉州、建安县置建州,当在武德四年,虽非唐室所改,但新、旧《唐书》及《通典》均已载入,当属可取。今据此作武德四年改建安郡为泉州。
应当说明的是,据《旧唐书》萧铣传和李子通传、杜伏威传,隋末唐初萧铣割据范围在以东、九江以西、汉江以南、南尽岭南,与福建地域无关,建安郡改为泉州,当与萧铣无涉;武德三年,福建或为李子通所控制,“都于余杭,东至会稽,南至于岭,西距宣城,北至太湖,尽有其地。”武德四年,杜伏威“遣其将军王雄诞讨李子通于杭州,擒之以献。又破汪华于歙州,尽有江东、淮南之地,南尽于岭,东至于海。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,7册,2265、2274、2268页)。《通鉴》武德元年至武德五年记载同。如是,则武德四年,建安郡改为泉州,当属杜伏威灭李子通之后所为。杜伏威在武德二年八月已请降于唐。《新唐书》卷37·地理一:“唐兴,高祖改郡为州,太守为刺史,又置都督府以治之。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,959页)。杜伏威改郡为州,乃尊唐制。
2,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·福州:“贞观初,置泉州。景云二年,改为闽州,置都督府,督闽、泉、建、漳、潮五州。开元十三年,改为福州,依旧都督府,仍直经略使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1598页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府·建置沿革:闽县“隋开皇九年改县曰原丰,十二年又改曰闽。大业初为建安郡治。唐为福州治,五代因之。宋兼为福建路治。元为福州路治。明为福州府治。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。清闽县即今福州市。", "source uri" : "" }