{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_32055", "sys_id" : "hvd_32055", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "晉安郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "晋安郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jin'an Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "282", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "467", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "282", "end year" : "290", "parent id" : "hvd_30056", "name" : "扬州", "transcribed" : "Yang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "291", "end year" : "316", "parent id" : "hvd_30121", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "317", "end year" : "325", "parent id" : "hvd_30122", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "326", "end year" : "339", "parent id" : "hvd_30123", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "340", "end year" : "340", "parent id" : "hvd_30124", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "341", "end year" : "342", "parent id" : "hvd_30125", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "343", "end year" : "418", "parent id" : "hvd_30126", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "419", "end year" : "467", "parent id" : "hvd_30127", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "467", "child id" : "hvd_40166", "name" : "候官县", "transcribed" : "Houguan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "467", "child id" : "hvd_40167", "name" : "原丰县", "transcribed" : "Yuanfeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "418", "child id" : "hvd_40259", "name" : "同安县", "transcribed" : "Tong'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "420", "child id" : "hvd_40280", "name" : "新罗县", "transcribed" : "Xinluo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "467", "child id" : "hvd_40255", "name" : "晋安县", "transcribed" : "Jin'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "283", "end_year" : "467", "child id" : "hvd_40214", "name" : "温麻县", "transcribed" : "Wenma Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "282", "end_year" : "467", "child id" : "hvd_40213", "name" : "罗江县", "transcribed" : "Luojiang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "晋安郡(282-467年)界线和治所

晋太康三年(282年)析置,初属扬州,元康元年(291年)改属江州1。郡治原丰、候官,即今福建福州市,领县八:原丰、新罗、宛平、同安、候官、罗江、晋安、温麻(太康四年置),其后领县虽有变化,但辖境不变2。辖境相当今福建南平市武步溪以东的闽江流域和东南部流域(诏安、云霄二县除外)及汀江上游地区和宁化、清流、连城三县地3。宋泰始四年(468年),改为晋平郡4。
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1,《晋书》卷15·地理下:“扬州…孙亮…分会稽立临海郡,孙休又分会稽立建安郡。…及晋平吴…分建安立晋安郡。”“惠帝元康元年,有司奏,荆、扬二州疆土广远,统理尤难,于是分扬州之豫章、鄱阳、庐陵、临川、南康、建安、晋安,荆州之武昌、桂阳、成安,合十郡,因江水之名而置江州。”“晋安郡:太康三年置。”(北京,中华书局,1957年,2册,459、461页)。
2,《晋书》卷15·地理下:“晋安郡:太康三年置。统县八:原丰、新罗、宛平、同安、候官、罗江、晋安、温麻。”(北京,中华书局,1957年,2册,459、461-462页)。
《宋书》卷36·州郡二:“江州刺史,晋惠帝元康元年(291年),分扬州之豫章、鄱阳、庐陵、临川、南康、建安、晋安,荆州之武昌、桂阳、成安十郡为江州。”“晋安太守,晋武帝太康三年,分建安立。领县五:候官,前汉无,后汉曰东候官,属会稽郡。原丰,晋武帝太康三年,省建安典船校尉立。晋安,吴立曰东安,晋武帝更名。罗江,吴立,属临海,晋武帝立晋安郡,度属。温麻,晋武帝太康四年,以温麻船屯立〈永初郡国〉无,何、徐并有。”(北京,中华书局,1990年,4册,1086,1092-1093页)。
按:《宋书》晋安郡缺载新罗、宛平、同安三县。新罗县废于东晋元熙二元年,同安县废于东晋末元熙元年,唯有宛平县置废年代及治所均无考。
3,据《嘉庆一统志》福州府、府宁州、兴化府、泉州府、漳州府、汀州府记载,辖境相当今福建南平市武步溪以东的闽江流域和东南部流域及汀江上游地区和宁化、清流、连城三县地。其时,今福建诏安、云霄二县尚属义安郡绥安县。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年)。
4,清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一建置沿革:“晋太康三年析置晋安郡…刘宋泰始四年改晋平郡,七年复故。齐、梁因之。陈永定初置闽州,天嘉五年州废,以郡属东扬州,光大二年罢晋安郡置丰州。隋开皇九年改为泉州。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。杨守敬《隋书地理志考证》:“建安郡”沿革考证同(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,4册,4876页)。", "source uri" : "" }