{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30325", "sys_id" : "hvd_30325", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湖廣省", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湖广省", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Huguang Sheng", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "省", "alternate name" : "省", "transcription" : "sheng", "English" : "province" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1645", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1666", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.56069", "longitude" : "114.30573", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北武汉市武昌", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1645", "end year" : "1666", "parent id" : "hvd_113648", "name" : "清", "transcribed" : "Qing" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32809", "name" : "保靖州军民宣慰司", "transcribed" : "Baojingzhou Junminxuanweisi" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32790", "name" : "宝庆府", "transcribed" : "Baoqing Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32757", "name" : "岳州府", "transcribed" : "Yuezhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32759", "name" : "常德府", "transcribed" : "Changde Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32772", "name" : "永州府", "transcribed" : "Yongzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32796", "name" : "永顺军民宣慰司", "transcribed" : "Yongshun Junminxuanweisi" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32765", "name" : "衡州府", "transcribed" : "Hengzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32774", "name" : "辰州府", "transcribed" : "Chenzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32768", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32753", "name" : "长沙府", "transcribed" : "Changsha Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1645", "end_year" : "1666", "child id" : "hvd_32783", "name" : "靖州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30163", "name" : "湖广布政使司", "transcribed" : "Huguang Buzhen" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湖广省(1645年—1666年)治所和界线

明洪武九年(1376年)改湖广等处行中书省置,治武昌府(今湖北武汉市武昌)。(1)领有武昌府……岳州直隶州(后升为岳州府)、长沙府、常德府、衡州府、永州府、宝庆府、辰州府、郴州直隶州、靖州直隶州、永顺军民宣慰司、保靖州军民宣慰司等。(2)二十七年(1394年)分永州府之全州及灌阳县往属广西(省)桂林府。(3)清顺治二年(1645年)平定江南,称省。清康熙六年(1667年)改右布政使司为湖南布政使司,另置湖南省。(4)

注:
(1)《明史》卷44《地理志五》湖广:太祖甲辰年(1364年)二月平陈理,置湖广等处行中书省。洪武“九年(1376年)六月改行中书省为承宣布政使司,称湖广。治武昌府(今湖北武汉市武昌)。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1`071——1072页)
(2)《明史》卷44《地理志五》湖广领有武昌府……岳州直隶州(后升为岳州府)、长沙府、常德府、衡州府、永州府、宝庆府、辰州府、郴州直隶州、靖州直隶州、永顺军民宣慰司、保靖州军民宣慰司等。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1086——1100页)
(3)《明太祖实录》卷234洪武二十七年(1394年):八月“壬申,以湖广全州及灌阳县隶广西布政使司”。(《明实录》,台湾“中央研究院”历史语言研究所刊引,5册,3415页)按:全州本属永州府。而清《嘉庆一统志》卷461广西《桂林府一?建置沿革》全州谓:“二十八年(1395年)改属(广西省)桂林府。”《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,172册,4页)与之小异。
(4)、清《圣祖实录》卷11康熙六年(1667年):七月甲寅,“应将河南等十一省,俱留布政使各一员,停左右布政使之名。至江南、陕西、湖广三省,俱有布政使各二人,驻札各处分理,亦应停其左右布政使之名,照驻札地名称布政使。”(《清实录》,北京,中华书局,1985年,4册,315页)而《清会典事例?户部一?疆理》湖北省:“康熙三年(1664年),湖广分省。”(北京,中华书局影印,2册,937页)清《嘉庆一统志》卷353《湖南统部?建置沿革》:明属湖广布政使司,“本朝康熙三年(1664年),分置湖南布政使司,为湖南省,是年移偏沅巡抚驻长沙府。”《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,131册,2页)按:当康熙三年分湖广布政使司为左右布政使司,六年改右布政使司为湖南布政使司,始称湖南省。治长沙府(今湖南长沙市)。", "source uri" : "" }