{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30312", "sys_id" : "hvd_30312", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "淮南江北行省", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "淮南江北行省", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Huainanjiangbe", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "行省", "alternate name" : "行省", "transcription" : "xing sheng", "English" : "branch secretariat" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1352", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1356", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "32.39127", "longitude" : "119.43719", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏扬州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1352", "end year" : "1356", "parent id" : "hvd_113643", "name" : "元", "transcribed" : "Yuan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1352", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_33476", "name" : "安丰路", "transcribed" : "Anfeng Lu" }, { "begin_year" : "1352", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_33503", "name" : "安庆路", "transcribed" : "Anqing Lu" }, { "begin_year" : "1352", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_33486", "name" : "庐州路", "transcribed" : "Luzhou Lu" }, { "begin_year" : "1352", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_33305", "name" : "扬州路", "transcribed" : "Yangzhou Lu" }, { "begin_year" : "1352", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_33313", "name" : "淮安路", "transcribed" : "Huaian Lu" }, { "begin_year" : "1352", "end_year" : "1356", "child id" : "hvd_33306", "name" : "高邮府", "transcribed" : "Gaoyou Fu" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "淮南江北行省(1352-1356年)治所和界线

一称淮南行省(1)。元末全国动乱,至正十二年(1352年)以原河南江北行省淮南地置淮南江北行省,治扬州路(今江苏扬州市)。领辖扬州、淮安、庐州、安丰、安庆、蕲州、黄州等路及高邮府、滁州、和州(2)。实际上,当时并未控制全省,早在立省前一年,蕲州、黄州二路已入徐寿辉(3)。十二年郭子兴又起兵濠州,濠州属安丰路(4)。十三年(1353年)高邮府为张士诚所据。至正十四年(1354年)滁州入朱元璋。十五年(1355年)和州入朱元璋,安丰入刘福通。这些变化不在图面中反映。十七年(1357年)扬州路入朱元璋江南行省(5)。

注:
(1)至正十二年设立淮南江北等处行中书省后,史屡见淮南行省。(《元史》卷42《顺帝纪五》。北京,中华书局,1976年,3册,898页。)
(2)《元史》卷42《顺帝纪五》:至正十二年“立淮南江北等处行中书省,治扬州,辖扬州、高邮、淮安、滁州、和州、庐州、安丰、安庆、蕲州、黄州。(897页。)卷92《百官志八》:至正十二年“置淮南江北等处行中书省于扬州,以淮西宣慰司、两淮盐运司、扬州、淮安、徐州、唐州、安丰、蕲、黄皆隶焉。”校勘记云,唐州当为庐州之误。(2332、2347-8页。)卷59《地理志二》河南江北等处行中书省。(1410-6页。)按:徐州不属两淮,今从《顺帝纪》。
(3)其时河南江淮已群雄四起,淮南江北行省成立之初,实未全部控制。:至正十一年,徐寿辉攻陷蕲、黄。(北京,中华书局,1958年,1册,260页。)
(4)《国榷》卷1:至元十二年,郭子兴起兵濠州。(261页。)
(5)《元史》卷45:至正十七年“大明兵取扬州路。”(938页。)《明史》卷1《太祖纪》:至正十七年,克扬州。(6页)卷40《地理志一》:扬州府“太祖丁酉年十月曰淮海府,辛丑年十二月曰维扬府,丙午年正月曰扬州府。”(4册,917页)丁酉年即至正十七年。至正十六年朱元璋置江南行中书省。十七年,朱元璋取元淮南行省治扬州路,《顺帝纪八》云,同时以张士诚弟士德为淮南行省平章政事,时士德已为朱元璋所擒,可见元淮南行省已名存实亡。史载十八年(1358年)陈友谅取安庆路,二十一年入朱元璋;二十三年,张士诚取安丰;二十四年,朱元璋取庐州,改庐州路为府,置江淮行省;二十五年,是时,张“士诚所据,南至绍兴,北有通、泰、高邮、淮安、濠、泗,又北至于济宁”;二十六年,安丰、淮安入朱元璋;至张士诚亡元淮南行省地尽入朱元璋江南行中书省。", "source uri" : "" }