{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30303", "sys_id" : "hvd_30303", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湘州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湘州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xiang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "453", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "453", "end year" : "478", "parent id" : "hvd_113687", "name" : "南朝宋", "transcribed" : "Nanchaosong" }, { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "501", "parent id" : "hvd_113688", "name" : "南朝齐", "transcribed" : "Nanchao Qi" }, { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "556", "parent id" : "hvd_113689", "name" : "南朝梁", "transcribed" : "Nanchao Liang" }, { "begin year" : "557", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_113690", "name" : "南朝陈", "transcribed" : "Nanchao Chen" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "465", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_34210", "name" : "临庆郡", "transcribed" : "Linqing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_34212", "name" : "南靖郡", "transcribed" : "Nanjing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "471", "child id" : "hvd_34174", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_34176", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "470", "end_year" : "471", "child id" : "hvd_34178", "name" : "宋安郡", "transcribed" : "Songan Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "456", "child id" : "hvd_34211", "name" : "宋建郡", "transcribed" : "Songjian Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "531", "end_year" : "551", "child id" : "hvd_32828", "name" : "岳阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yueyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "557", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32828", "name" : "岳阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yueyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "453", "child id" : "hvd_32919", "name" : "巴陵郡", "transcribed" : "Baling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "472", "end_year" : "478", "child id" : "hvd_34175", "name" : "广兴郡", "transcribed" : "Guangxing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "506", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "515", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32893", "name" : "永阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yongyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "535", "end_year" : "551", "child id" : "hvd_32883", "name" : "药山郡", "transcribed" : "Yaoshan Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "514", "child id" : "hvd_33537", "name" : "营阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yingyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32930", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32901", "name" : "邵陵郡", "transcribed" : "Shaoling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "453", "end_year" : "588", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湘州(453年—588年)治所

南朝宋元嘉三十年(453年)分荆州等地置。治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。(1)领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵、巴陵、始兴、临贺、始安等郡。(2)

注:
(1)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:“晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳(《晋志》作穆帝置,见营阳郡考)、建昌,江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。成帝咸和三年省。……宋武帝永初三年(422年)又立。文帝元嘉八年(431年)又省。十六年(439年)又立,二十九年又省。孝武孝建元年(452年)又立。”而广兴公相、临庆内史及始建内史下均曰:元嘉“三十年(453年),复度湘州”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129、1133、1134、1135页)姑作元嘉三十年(453年)分荆州等地置。
(2)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史:领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵等郡。又曰:“元嘉十六年立巴陵郡属湘州。”广兴(始兴)公相、临庆(临贺)内史及始建(始安)内史下又均曰:元嘉“三十年(453年),复度湘州”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129——1132页)当湘州当时领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵、巴陵、始兴、临贺、始安等郡。
(3)", "source uri" : "" }