{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30301", "sys_id" : "hvd_30301", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湘州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湘州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xiang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "439", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "451", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "439", "end year" : "451", "parent id" : "hvd_113688", "name" : "南朝齐", "transcribed" : "Nanchao Qi" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32919", "name" : "巴陵郡", "transcribed" : "Baling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_33537", "name" : "营阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yingyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32930", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32901", "name" : "邵陵郡", "transcribed" : "Shaoling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "439", "end_year" : "451", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湘州(439年——451年)治所和界线

南朝宋元嘉十六年(439年)分荆州等地置。治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。(1)领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵、巴陵等郡。(2)二十九年(452年)又省。(3)

注:
(1)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:“晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳(《晋志》作穆帝置,见营阳郡考)、建昌,江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。成帝咸和三年省。……宋武帝永初三年(422年)又立。文帝元嘉八年(431年)又省。十六年(439年)又立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)故作仍分荆州等地置。
(2)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史:领有长沙、衡阳、桂阳、零陵、营阳、湘东、邵陵等郡。又曰:“元嘉十六年立巴陵郡属湘州,后度郢。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129——1132页)按:郢州刺史下曰:“孝武孝建元年(452年),分荆州之江夏……,湘州之巴陵……立郢州。”(4册,1124页)当在孝建元年巴陵郡改属郢州。
(3)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州、江州等`地置,“成帝咸和三年省。(文帝元嘉)十六年又立,二十九年(452年)又省。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)按:当作又省入荆州等地。", "source uri" : "" }