{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30299", "sys_id" : "hvd_30299", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "湘州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "湘州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xiang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "412", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "415", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "412", "end year" : "415", "parent id" : "hvd_113686", "name" : "东晋", "transcribed" : "Dongjin" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_34174", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_32862", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_33537", "name" : "营阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yingyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_32929", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_32901", "name" : "邵陵郡", "transcribed" : "Shaoling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "412", "end_year" : "415", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "湘州(412年——415年)治所和界线

东晋义熙八年(412年)分荆州等地置。治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。领有长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳、建昌、桂阳、始兴等郡。(1)十二年(416年)废。(2)

注:
(1)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:“晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳(《晋志》作穆帝置,见营阳郡考)、建昌,江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。成帝咸和三年省。安帝义熙八年(412年)复立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)又《晋书》卷15《地理志下》广州:“怀帝永嘉元年,又以临贺、始兴、始安三郡凡二十县为湘州。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,468页)按:当作咸和三年(328年)省入荆、江、广三州。又据《晋书》卷15《地理志下》荆州:“穆帝时……,又以广州之临贺、始兴、始安三郡及江州之桂阳,益州之巴东,合五郡来属。”(2册,458页)“穆帝时”,姑作穆帝永和元年(345年),此时临贺、始兴、始安三郡当属荆州。故义熙八年仅从荆、江二州分出复置后,当仍治临湘(今湖南长沙市)。领有长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳、建昌、临贺、始兴、始安等郡。
(2)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年)置,“成帝咸和三年省。安帝义熙八年(412年)复立,十二年(416年)又省”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)按:当作又省入原属荆、江等州。", "source uri" : "" }