{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30265", "sys_id" : "hvd_30265", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "377", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "385", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.34570", "longitude" : "111.71407", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北松滋县北老城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "377", "end year" : "385", "parent id" : "hvd_113686", "name" : "东晋", "transcribed" : "Dongjin" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32940", "name" : "南平郡", "transcribed" : "Nanping Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32938", "name" : "天门郡", "transcribed" : "Tianmen Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_34174", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32875", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32861", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_33537", "name" : "营阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yingyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32929", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32901", "name" : "邵陵郡", "transcribed" : "Shaoling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "377", "end_year" : "385", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30264", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆州(377年——385年)治所

东晋太元二年(377年)徙置。治上明(今湖北松滋县北老城)。(1)领有南郡、武陵、天门、长沙、衡阳、湘东、零陵、邵陵、营阳、始兴、桂阳等郡。(2)十一年(386年)又徙治江陵(今湖北江陵县)。(3)

注:
(1)《晋书》卷74《桓冲传》:荆州刺史桓冲既到江陵,“于是移镇上明”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,6册,1950页)据《资治通鉴》卷104《晋纪二十六》太元二年(377年)七月:荆州刺史桓冲“奏自江陵徙镇上明”。(北京,中华书局,1956年,7册,3283页)按:当作太元二年从江陵徙治上明(今湖北松滋县北老城)。
(2)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:荆州领有江夏、南郡、襄阳、南阳、新城、魏兴、上庸、建平、宜都、南平、武陵、天门、长沙、衡阳、湘东、零陵、邵陵、桂阳、武昌、安成等郡国,太康中增领顺阳(本南乡)、义阳郡。又曰:“惠帝分桂阳、武昌、安成三郡立江州,以新城、魏兴、上庸三郡属梁州。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,454——458页)当武昌、桂阳、安成三郡另属江州。又《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:“晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳(因《晋志》无,姑作当时无此郡,见营阳郡考)、建昌(335年废,见《建昌郡考》),江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1118、117页)按:当荆州长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵等郡另属湘州。又见《荆州》(328年——328年)《注》(1),湘州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、建昌郡还归荆州。《晋书》卷15《地理志下》荆州:“穆帝时,又分零陵立营阳郡。……,又以广州之临贺、始兴、始安三郡及江州之桂阳,益州之巴东,合五郡来属。”(2册,458页)“穆帝时”,故作永和元年(345年)。则当时荆州应领有江夏、南郡、襄阳、南阳、建平、宜都、南平、武陵、天门、长沙、衡阳、湘东、零陵、邵陵、顺阳(本南乡)、义阳、营阳、临贺、始兴、始安、桂阳等郡。
(3)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?荆州》荆州刺史:“桓温治江陵,桓冲治上明,王枕还江陵。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1117页)据《晋书》卷75《王枕传》:“太元中,(王枕)出为荆州刺史。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,7册,1973页)按:姑作太元十一年(386年)徙治江陵(今湖北江陵县)。", "source uri" : "" }