{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30259", "sys_id" : "hvd_30259", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "318", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "321", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.40272", "longitude" : "114.87991", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北鄂州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "318", "end year" : "321", "parent id" : "hvd_113686", "name" : "东晋", "transcribed" : "Dongjin" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "318", "end_year" : "321", "child id" : "hvd_32940", "name" : "南平郡", "transcribed" : "Nanping Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "318", "end_year" : "321", "child id" : "hvd_32938", "name" : "天门郡", "transcribed" : "Tianmen Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "318", "end_year" : "321", "child id" : "hvd_32875", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30258", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆州(318年——321年)治所

东晋太兴元年(318年)徙置,治武昌(今湖北鄂州市)。(1)领有江夏、南郡、武陵、天门等郡。(2)永昌元年(322年)又徙治江陵(今湖北江陵县)。(3)

注:
(1)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?荆州》荆州刺史:“魏、晋治江陵,王敦治武昌。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1117页)又《太平寰宇记》卷146《山南东道五》荆州:“王敦为刺史理武昌。”(金陵书局,光绪八年本,26册,2页)按:据《资治通鉴》卷90《晋纪十二》太兴元年(318年):“诏以王敦为荆州牧,……敦固辞州牧,乃听为刺史。”(北京,中华书局,1956年,7册,2863页)故作此年王敦徙治武昌(今湖北鄂州市)。
(2)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》:荆州领有江夏、南郡、襄阳、南阳、新城、魏兴、上庸、建平、宜都、南平、武陵、天门、长沙、衡阳、湘东、零陵、邵陵、桂阳、武昌、安成等郡国,太康中增领顺阳(本南乡)、义阳郡。扬州下又曰:“惠帝元康元年(291年),有司奏,荆、扬二州疆土广远,统理尤难,于是割扬州之豫章、鄱阳、庐陵、临川、南康、建安、晋安,荆州之武昌、桂阳、安成,合十郡,因江水之名而置江州。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,454——458、462——463页)当武昌、桂阳、安成三郡另属江州。《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?湘州》湘州刺史下曰:“晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),分荆州之长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵、营阳、建昌,江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)按:当荆州长沙、衡阳、湘东、邵陵、零陵等郡另属湘州。则当时荆州应领有南郡、武陵、天门等郡。
(3)《宋书》卷37《州郡志三?荆州》荆州刺史:“陶侃前治沔阳,后治武昌,王廙治江陵。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1117页)按:据《资治通鉴》卷89《晋纪十四》永昌元年(322年):王敦以“王廙为荆州刺史”。(北京,中华书局,1956年,7册,2905页)按:建兴三年(315年)王廙为荆州刺史治江陵。现复为荆州刺史,姑作也治江陵(今湖北江陵县)。", "source uri" : "" }