{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30255", "sys_id" : "hvd_30255", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "219", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "311", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.35044", "longitude" : "112.19077", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北江陵县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "219", "end year" : "220", "parent id" : "hvd_113655", "name" : "东汉", "transcribed" : "Donghan" }, { "begin year" : "221", "end year" : "279", "parent id" : "hvd_113659", "name" : "三国吴", "transcribed" : "Sanguo Wu" }, { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "311", "parent id" : "hvd_113660", "name" : "西晋", "transcribed" : "Xijin" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "266", "child id" : "hvd_71252", "name" : "上洛郡", "transcribed" : "Shangluo Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "311", "child id" : "hvd_32940", "name" : "南平郡", "transcribed" : "Nanping Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "263", "end_year" : "282", "child id" : "hvd_32937", "name" : "天门郡", "transcribed" : "Tianmen Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "283", "end_year" : "311", "child id" : "hvd_32938", "name" : "天门郡", "transcribed" : "Tianmen Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "265", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_34174", "name" : "始兴郡", "transcribed" : "Shixing Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "290", "child id" : "hvd_32576", "name" : "安成郡", "transcribed" : "Ancheng Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "266", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_32900", "name" : "昭陵郡", "transcribed" : "Zhaoling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "219", "end_year" : "290", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "219", "end_year" : "311", "child id" : "hvd_32875", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "219", "end_year" : "221", "child id" : "hvd_32827", "name" : "汉昌郡", "transcribed" : "Hanchang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "257", "end_year" : "306", "child id" : "hvd_32861", "name" : "湘东郡", "transcribed" : "Xiangdong Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "265", "end_year" : "274", "child id" : "hvd_32892", "name" : "营阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yingyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "257", "end_year" : "306", "child id" : "hvd_32929", "name" : "衡阳郡", "transcribed" : "Hengyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "306", "child id" : "hvd_32901", "name" : "邵陵郡", "transcribed" : "Shaoling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "219", "end_year" : "306", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "219", "end_year" : "306", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30254", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆州(219-311年)治所

东汉建安二十四年(219年)迁治江陵县(今湖北江陵县)。(1)西晋永嘉六年(312年)徙治置,治孱陵(今湖北公安县西南)。(2)

注:
(1)《通典》卷171《州郡一?序目上》“吴主北据江,南尽海,置交、广、荆、郢、扬五州。”“荆治南郡,今江陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,1988年,4册,4458页)清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷8《吴荆州》荆州:“建安二十四年(219年),吕蒙袭破关侯,荆州江南诸郡复为吴有,吴遂与魏对置荆州。治乐乡。”(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2947页)按:南郡治江陵。当作建安二十四年,吴荆州迁治江陵县(今湖北江陵县)。“治乐乡”其说不同。
(2)《资治通鉴》卷87《晋纪九》永嘉四年(310年):“荆州刺史王澄。”胡《注》曰:“澄时治江陵。”永嘉六年(312年)又曰:澄出军击杜弢,军于作唐。故山简参军王冲自称辞史。“澄惧,使其将杜蕤守江陵,徙治孱陵(湖北公安县西南)。(北京,中华书局,1956年,6册,2754、2789页)", "source uri" : "" }