{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30254", "sys_id" : "hvd_30254", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "209", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "218", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.10425", "longitude" : "112.18909", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北公安县北", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "209", "end year" : "218", "parent id" : "hvd_113656", "name" : "东汉", "transcribed" : "Donghan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "209", "end_year" : "218", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "209", "end_year" : "218", "child id" : "hvd_32875", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "210", "end_year" : "218", "child id" : "hvd_32827", "name" : "汉昌郡", "transcribed" : "Hanchang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "209", "end_year" : "218", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "209", "end_year" : "218", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30253", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆州(209年——218年)治所

东汉建安十四年(209年)迁治置。治公安县(今湖北公安县北)。(1)领有零陵、桂阳、武陵、长沙等郡。建安十五年(210年)又领汉昌郡。(2)建安二十四年(219年)迁治江陵县(今湖北江陵县)。(3)

注:
(1)《三国志》卷47《吴书?孙权传》建安十四年(209年):“(刘)备领荆州牧,屯公安(今湖北公安县北)。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1118页)又《太平寰宇记》卷146《山南东道五?荆州》公安县:即后汉作唐县地,属吴之南郡。《荆州记》云:“吴大帝推先主为左将军荆州牧,镇油口,即居此城。时号先主为‘公’,故名其城为公安。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本)
(2)《后汉书》志第22《郡国志四》荆州领有南阳郡、南郡、江夏郡、零陵郡、桂阳郡、武陵郡、长沙郡。(北京,中华书局,1965年,12册,3476——3485页)《三国志?吴志?孙权传》:建安十五年(210年),“分长沙为汉昌郡,以鲁肃为太守,屯陆口。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1118页)后又废入长沙郡。据李晓杰《东汉政区地理》谓:“至建安二十四年,关羽败,荆州属吴,……此后遂不闻汉昌郡之名,故颇疑汉昌郡废于此时,汉昌属县亦当随之还属长沙。”(山东教育出版社,济南,1999年,213页)则荆州当时领有零陵、桂阳、武陵、长沙、汉昌等郡。
(3)《通典》卷171《州郡一?序目上》“吴主北据江,南尽海,置交、广、荆、郢、扬五州。”“荆治南郡,今江陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,1988年,4册,4458页)清吴增僅撰、杨守敬補正《三国郡县表附考証》卷8《吴荆州》荆州:“建安二十四年(219年),吕蒙袭破关侯,荆州江南诸郡复为吴有,吴遂与魏对置荆州。治乐乡。”(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,2947页)按:南郡治江陵。当作建安二十四年,吴荆州迁治江陵县(今湖北江陵县)。“治乐乡”其说不同。", "source uri" : "" }