{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30253", "sys_id" : "hvd_30253", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "190", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "208", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "32.04922", "longitude" : "112.13916", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北襄樊市襄阳城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "190", "end year" : "208", "parent id" : "hvd_113655", "name" : "东汉", "transcribed" : "Donghan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "190", "end_year" : "208", "child id" : "hvd_32836", "name" : "桂阳郡", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "190", "end_year" : "208", "child id" : "hvd_32875", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "190", "end_year" : "208", "child id" : "hvd_32819", "name" : "长沙郡", "transcribed" : "Changsha Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "190", "end_year" : "208", "child id" : "hvd_32886", "name" : "零陵郡", "transcribed" : "Lingling Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30252", "name" : "荆州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆州(190年——208年)治所

东汉初平元年(190年)徙治置。治襄阳县(今湖北襄樊市襄阳城)。领有零陵、桂阳、武陵、长沙等郡。(1)建安十四年(209年)迁治公安县(今湖北公安县北)。(2)

注:
(1)《资治通鉴》卷59《汉纪五十一》初平元年(190年):刘表为荆州刺史,蒯越曰:“兵集众附,南据江陵,北守襄阳,荆州八郡可传檄而定。”表诱杀宗贼帅,“遂徙治襄阳,镇抚郡县,江南悉平。”(北京,中华书局,1956年,5册,1914页)《后汉书》志第22《郡国志四》荆州领有南阳郡、南郡、江夏郡、零陵郡、桂阳郡、武陵郡、长沙郡。(北京,中华书局,1965年,12册,3476——3485页)按:据胡《注》,《郡国志》七郡。《汉官仪》以章陵,足为八郡。是当时荆州治襄阳(今湖北襄樊市襄阳城)。领有零陵、桂阳、武陵、长沙等郡。
(2)《三国志》卷47《吴书?孙权传》建安十四年(209年):“(刘)备领荆州牧,屯公安(今湖北公安县北)。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1118页)又《太平寰宇记》卷146《山南东道五?荆州》公安县:即后汉作唐县地,属吴之南郡。《荆州记》云:“吴大帝推先主为左将军荆州牧,镇油口,即居此城。时号先主为‘公’,故名其城为公安。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本)", "source uri" : "" }