{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30238", "sys_id" : "hvd_30238", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊南節度使", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆南节度使", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jingnan Jiedus", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "防镇", "alternate name" : "防鎮", "transcription" : "fang zhen", "English" : "defense command" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "757", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "831", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.35044", "longitude" : "112.19077", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北江陵县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "757", "end year" : "831", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "764", "child id" : "hvd_32926", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "758", "child id" : "hvd_32880", "name" : "朗州", "transcribed" : "Lang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "760", "end_year" : "831", "child id" : "hvd_32880", "name" : "朗州", "transcribed" : "Lang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "757", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_32879", "name" : "武陵郡", "transcribed" : "Wuling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "763", "child id" : "hvd_32891", "name" : "永州", "transcribed" : "Yong Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "763", "child id" : "hvd_32824", "name" : "潭州", "transcribed" : "Tan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "758", "child id" : "hvd_32948", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "760", "end_year" : "778", "child id" : "hvd_32948", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "779", "end_year" : "831", "child id" : "hvd_32949", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "757", "end_year" : "757", "child id" : "hvd_32947", "name" : "澧阳郡", "transcribed" : "Yang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "763", "child id" : "hvd_32867", "name" : "衡州", "transcribed" : "Heng Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "763", "child id" : "hvd_32899", "name" : "道州", "transcribed" : "Dao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "763", "child id" : "hvd_32906", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "763", "child id" : "hvd_32841", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆南节度使(757年—831年)治所

又名荆澧节度使,唐至德二载(757年)置。治荆州(江陵郡,即今湖北江陵县)。领有荆(江陵郡)、澧(澧阳郡)、朗(武陵郡)……等州。(1)乾元二年(759年)分澧、朗等州另置澧朗溆都团练使。大和六年(832年)改为荆南都团练观察使。(3)

注:
(1)《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》荆南节度使:“治江陵府,管归、夔、峡、忠、万、澧、朗等州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1390页)又《新唐书》卷67《方镇表四》至德二载(757年):“置荆南节度,亦曰荆澧节度,领荆、澧、朗、郢、复、夔、峡、忠、万、归十州,治荆州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1870页)则唐至德二载置荆南节度使,治荆州(江陵郡,即今湖北江陵县)。领有荆(江陵郡)、澧(澧阳郡)、朗(武陵郡)……等州。而《旧唐书》卷102《刘子玄传》:子彚“荆南长沙节度”。(北京,中华书局,1975年,10册,3174页)吴廷燮《唐方镇年表》卷5《荆南》放在至德元载,未从。(北京,中华书局,1980年,2册,679页)
(2)《旧唐书》十七下《文宗纪下》:大和六年(832年)十二月戊辰,“以尚书右丞崔琯为江陵尹、荆南都团练观察使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,2册,547页)《新唐书》卷67《方镇表四》大和六年(832年):“废荆南节度使,置都团练观察使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1882页)", "source uri" : "" }