{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30187", "sys_id" : "hvd_30187", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "清海軍節度使", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "清海军节度使", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qinghaijun Jie", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "防镇", "alternate name" : "防鎮", "transcription" : "fang zhen", "English" : "defense command" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "895", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "916", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "895", "end year" : "916", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34018", "name" : "万安州", "transcribed" : "Wanan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34020", "name" : "儋州", "transcribed" : "Dan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "904", "end_year" : "907", "child id" : "hvd_34050", "name" : "勋州", "transcribed" : "Xun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34005", "name" : "勤州", "transcribed" : "Qin Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34066", "name" : "封州", "transcribed" : "Feng Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34021", "name" : "崖州", "transcribed" : "Ya Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34004", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34064", "name" : "康州", "transcribed" : "Kang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34039", "name" : "循州", "transcribed" : "Xun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34001", "name" : "恩州", "transcribed" : "En Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34019", "name" : "振州", "transcribed" : "Zhen Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34070", "name" : "新州", "transcribed" : "Xin Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34006", "name" : "春州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34063", "name" : "泷州", "transcribed" : "Long Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34056", "name" : "潘州", "transcribed" : "pan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34034", "name" : "潮州", "transcribed" : "Chao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34009", "name" : "琼州", "transcribed" : "Qiong Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34068", "name" : "端州", "transcribed" : "Duan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34053", "name" : "罗州", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "903", "child id" : "hvd_34049", "name" : "辩州", "transcribed" : "Bian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "908", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34051", "name" : "辩州", "transcribed" : "Bian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34048", "name" : "连州", "transcribed" : "Lian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_32841", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "908", "child id" : "hvd_34031", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "909", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34032", "name" : "雷州", "transcribed" : "Lei Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "911", "child id" : "hvd_34043", "name" : "韶州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "895", "end_year" : "916", "child id" : "hvd_34058", "name" : "高州", "transcribed" : "Gao Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30186", "name" : "岭南东道节度使", "transcribed" : "Lingnandongdao" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "清海军节度使(895年—911年)治所

唐乾宁二年(895年)赐岭南东道节度使号清海军节度使置。(1)治广州(今广东广州市)。领广、循、潮、康、泷、端、新、封、春、勤、高、恩、雷、崖、琼、振、儋、万安、冈及韶、连、郴、潘、辩(曾改为勋州)、罗等州。(2)乾化二年(912年)韶州入百胜军节度使。(3)五代梁贞明三年(917年)废。(4)

注:
(1)《新唐书》卷69《方镇表六》乾宁二年(895年):“赐岭南东道节度使号清海军节度使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1952页)
(2)《新唐书》卷69《方镇表六》至德元载(756年):“升五府经略讨击使为岭南节度使,领广、韶、循、潮、康、泷、端、新、封、春、勤、罗、潘、高、恩、雷、崖、琼、振、儋、万安、藤二十二州,治广州(今广东广州市)。(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1934页)又《旧唐书》卷41《地理志四》岭南道领有冈州。(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1716页)且其相邻端、新、恩等州皆属岭南节度使,故作冈州也属之。又《新唐书》卷69《方镇表六》乾元元年(758年)下曰:“置韶、连、郴三州都团练守捉使,治韶州;邕州管内经略使兼都防御使,增领罗州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1935页)按:故乾元元年时岭南节度使实领二十州。又上元二年(761年):“废韶、连、郴都团练使,三州复隶岭南节度。罗、潘二州隶邕管观察使。”(6册,1936页)按罗州,时已不属岭南节度使。故上元二年时实领二十二州。而建中元年(780年):“容管观察使增领顺、藤二州。”(6册,1940页)藤州本属岭南节度使。则建中元年岭南节度使实领二十一州。又元和元年(806年)下曰:“岭南节度使复领潘、辩(天祐初曾改为勋州)二州。”又曰:“罗州隶岭南节度使。”(6册,1942、1943页)当元和元年岭南节度使实领二十四州。又按:唐咸通三年虽改为岭南东道节度使,现又赐号清海军节度使,当治所及所领州不改。而《旧唐书》卷38《地理志一》岭南东道节度使:“治广州(今广东广州市),管广、韶、循、岗、恩、春、贺、潮、端、藤、康、封、泷、高、义、新、勤、窦等州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1392页)与之异。
(3)司马光《资治通鉴》卷268《后梁纪三》乾化二年(912年):十二月“虔州防御史李彦图卒,州人奉谭全播知州事,遣使内附,诏以全播为百胜防御使、虔?韶二州节度开通使。(北京,中华书局,1956年,18册,8764页)
(4)《资治通鉴》卷270《后梁纪五》贞明三年(917年)八月:“清海、建武节度使刘岩即皇帝位于番禺,国号大越,大赦,改元乾亨。……以广州为兴王府。”(北京,中华书局,1956年,19册,8817页)朱玉龙《五代十国方镇年表》广州:“后梁贞明三年八月,刘岩称帝改元,以广州为兴王府,清海军废。”(北京,中华书局,1997年,647、648页)", "source uri" : "" }