{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30179", "sys_id" : "hvd_30179", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊湖北路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆湖北路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinghubei Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1136", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1274", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.35044", "longitude" : "112.19077", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北江陵县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1136", "end year" : "1274", "parent id" : "hvd_113637", "name" : "南宋", "transcribed" : "Nansong" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1154", "child id" : "hvd_32926", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1161", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32928", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1165", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32882", "name" : "常德府", "transcribed" : "Changde Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32910", "name" : "永顺州", "transcribed" : "Yongshun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32917", "name" : "沅州", "transcribed" : "Yuan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32951", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1155", "end_year" : "1160", "child id" : "hvd_32927", "name" : "纯州", "transcribed" : "Chun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32850", "name" : "辰州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1274", "child id" : "hvd_32871", "name" : "靖州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1136", "end_year" : "1164", "child id" : "hvd_32881", "name" : "鼎州", "transcribed" : "Ding Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30178", "name" : "荆湖北路", "transcribed" : "Jinghubei Lu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆湖北路(1136年—1274年)治所

南宋绍兴六年(1136年)迁置,治荆南府(淳熙元年改为江陵府,即今湖北江陵县)。(1)领荆南府(淳熙元年改为江陵府)及鼎(乾道元年改为常德府)、礼、岳(绍兴年间曾改为纯州)、辰、沅、靖……等州。(2)德祐元年(1275年)废。(3)

注:
(1)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》荆湖南北路:绍兴元年(1131年),置荆湖东、西路。“二年(1132年)罢东、西路,仍分南、北路安抚司。……北路治鄂,寻治江陵”。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2192页)李昌宪《宋代安抚使考》荆湖北路,绍兴六年(1136年):王庶《要录》:“六月申辰,显谟阁待制、新知鄂州王庶知荆南府兼荆湖北路经略安抚使。”(齐鲁书社,济南,1997年,476页)按:绍兴二年(1132年)后,安抚使曾改为镇抚使。后又复旧,六年迁治荆南府(淳熙元年改为江陵府)。
(2)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》荆湖北路领荆南府(淳熙元年改为江陵府)及鄂、鼎(乾道元年改为常德府)、礼、岳(绍兴年间曾改为纯州)、辰、沅、靖……等州。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2192——2198页)
(3)《宋史》卷47《瀛国公纪》谓:德祐元年(即蒙古至元十二年,也即1275年)四月“丙午,大元兵破沙市城,都统孟纪死之,监镇司马梦求自经死。戊申,京湖宣抚朱禩孙、湖北制置副使高达(湖北制置使兼安抚、知江陵)以江陵降,京湖北路相继皆下”。(北京,中华书局,1977年,3册,929页)", "source uri" : "" }