{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30176", "sys_id" : "hvd_30176", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊湖西路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆湖西路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinghuxi Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1131", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1131", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "29.03481", "longitude" : "111.69130", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南常德市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1131", "end year" : "1131", "parent id" : "hvd_113637", "name" : "南宋", "transcribed" : "Nansong" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32918", "name" : "武冈军", "transcribed" : "Wugang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32910", "name" : "永顺州", "transcribed" : "Yongshun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32917", "name" : "沅州", "transcribed" : "Yuan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32951", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32850", "name" : "辰州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32908", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32871", "name" : "靖州", "transcribed" : "Jing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1131", "end_year" : "1131", "child id" : "hvd_32881", "name" : "鼎州", "transcribed" : "Ding Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30173", "name" : "荆湖南路", "transcribed" : "Jinghunan Lu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆湖西路(1131年—1131年)

南宋绍兴元年(1131年)以荆湖在江南西部诸州置,治鼎州(今湖南常德市)。领有鼎、澧、辰、沅、靖、邵、全州及武冈军等地。(1)二年(1132年)复为荆湖南、北路。(2)

注:
(1)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》》荆湖南北路:“绍兴元年(1131年),以鄂岳潭衡永郴道州、桂阳军为东路,鄂州(今湖北武汉市武昌)置安抚司;鼎澧辰沅靖邵全州、武冈军为西路,鼎州置安抚司。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2192页)李昌宪《宋代安抚使考》荆湖北路绍兴元年(1131年):“《要录》:正月戊申,分荆湖诸州之在江南者为荆湖东、西路,置帅于鄂、鼎。”(齐鲁书社,济南,1997年,475页)
(2)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》荆湖南北路:绍兴元年(1131年),置荆湖东、西路。“二年(1132年)罢东、西路,仍分南、北路安抚司。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2192页)", "source uri" : "" }