{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30173", "sys_id" : "hvd_30173", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊湖南路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆湖南路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinghunan Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "999", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1130", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.19820", "longitude" : "112.97813", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖南长沙市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "999", "end year" : "1127", "parent id" : "hvd_113636", "name" : "北宋", "transcribed" : "Beisong" }, { "begin year" : "1128", "end year" : "1130", "parent id" : "hvd_113637", "name" : "南宋", "transcribed" : "Nansong" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32935", "name" : "桂阳监", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jian" }, { "begin_year" : "1106", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32918", "name" : "武冈军", "transcribed" : "Wugang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32891", "name" : "永州", "transcribed" : "Yong Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32826", "name" : "潭州", "transcribed" : "Tan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32867", "name" : "衡州", "transcribed" : "Heng Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32899", "name" : "道州", "transcribed" : "Dao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32908", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "999", "end_year" : "1130", "child id" : "hvd_32843", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆湖南路(999年—1130年)治所和界线

北宋咸平二年(999年)分置荆湖路置,(1)治潭州(今湖南长沙市)。领有潭州、衡州、道州、永州、郴州、邵州(后升宝庆府)、全州、桂阳监(后为桂阳军)等地。后增领武冈军(从邵州分出)。(2)南宋绍兴元年(1131年)分置荆湖东、西路。(3)

注:
(1)张家驹《宋代分路考》二《至道以前诸路沿革》己《至道三年十五路》:至道以前,诸路分置离合不一;及至道三年(公元997年),乃定制分天下为十五路。《长编》曰:“是岁始定为十五路:……八曰荆湖南路,九曰荆湖北路……。”然同书下注云:“咸平二年(公元999年)三月戊辰,荆湖南北路置始两使。”《元丰九域志》(卷6页十四下)亦谓荆湖路于“咸平二年(999年)分南、北路。”《宋史》(卷6页三上)《真宗本纪》亦云咸平二年“置荆湖南路转运使”。故至道三年,实际上仅得十四路而已,真正之十五路实始于咸平二年也。(《禹贡》半月刊,1935年,第四卷第1期,35、36页)
(2)《元丰九域志》卷6《荆湖路》:南路治潭州(今湖南长沙市)。领有潭州、衡州、道州、永州、郴州、邵州(宝庆元年升宝庆府)、全州、桂阳监(后为桂阳军)等地。(北京,中华书局,1984年,上册,258——265页)《宋史》卷88《地理志四?荆湖南路》所载同。又领武冈军:“崇宁五年,以邵州武冈县升为军。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2198——2201页)
(3)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》》荆湖南北路:“绍兴元年(1131年),以鄂岳潭衡永郴道州、桂阳军为东路,鄂州置安抚司;鼎澧辰沅靖邵全州、武冈军为西路,鼎州置安抚司。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2192页)李昌宪《宋代安抚使考》荆湖北路绍兴元年(1131年):“《要录》:正月戊申,分荆湖诸州之在江南者为荆湖东、西路,置帅于鄂、鼎。”(济南,齐鲁书社,1997年,475页)", "source uri" : "" }