{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30172", "sys_id" : "hvd_30172", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "荊湖路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "荆湖路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinghu Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "985", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "998", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.35044", "longitude" : "112.19077", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北江陵县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "985", "end year" : "998", "parent id" : "hvd_113636", "name" : "北宋", "transcribed" : "Beisong" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32926", "name" : "岳州", "transcribed" : "Yue Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32880", "name" : "朗州", "transcribed" : "Lang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32935", "name" : "桂阳监", "transcribed" : "Guiyang Jian" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32891", "name" : "永州", "transcribed" : "Yong Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32910", "name" : "永顺州", "transcribed" : "Yongshun Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32826", "name" : "潭州", "transcribed" : "Tan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32949", "name" : "澧州", "transcribed" : "Li Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32867", "name" : "衡州", "transcribed" : "Heng Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32850", "name" : "辰州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32899", "name" : "道州", "transcribed" : "Dao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32908", "name" : "邵州", "transcribed" : "Shao Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "985", "end_year" : "998", "child id" : "hvd_32843", "name" : "郴州", "transcribed" : "Chen Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30171", "name" : "荆湖北路", "transcribed" : "Jinghubei Lu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "荆湖路(985年—998年)治所和界线

北宋雍熙二年(985年)荆湖北路与荆湖南路合并置,治江陵府(今湖北江陵县)。(1)领有潭州、衡州、道州、永州、郴州、邵州、全州、桂阳监、江陵府、郎州、澧州、岳州、辰州等地(2)咸平二年(999年)又分置荆湖北路与荆湖南路。(3)

注:
(1)《宋史》卷5《太宗纪二》雍熙二年(985年):“八月癸酉朔,遣使按问两浙、荆湖、福建、江南东西路、淮南诸州刑狱,仍察官吏勤惰以闻。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,1册,76页)张家驹《宋代分路考》二《至道以前诸路沿革》丙《雍熙四年十九路》:据《宋史?太宗本纪》记载,不言“荆湖南北”,故二路之合并可无疑。(《禹贡》半月刊,1935年,第四卷第1期,35页)又王文楚《北宋诸路转运司的治所》:雍熙二年,荆湖北路与“荆湖南路合并为荆湖路。据《宋会要?食货》四九之八记载,至道元年,‘荆州转运使何士宗’云云,按荆州,即指江陵府,知荆湖路转运司治江陵府(今湖北江陵县)。”(《古代交通地理丛考》,北京,中华书局,1996年,322页)
(2)《元丰九域志》卷6《荆湖路》:南路领有潭州、衡州、道州、永州、郴州、邵州、全州、桂阳监等地。北路领有江陵府……郎州、澧州、岳州、辰州等地。(北京,中华书局,1984年,上册,258——266、269——274页)《宋史》卷88《地理志四?荆湖南路》及《荆湖北路》所载同。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2193——2196、2198——2201页)
(3)张家驹《宋代分路考》二《至道以前诸路沿革》己《至道三年十五路》:至道以前,诸路分置离合不一;及至道三年(公元997年),乃定制分天下为十五路。《长编》曰:“是岁始定为十五路:……八曰荆湖南路,九曰荆湖北路……。”然同书下注云:“咸平二年(公元999年)三月戊辰,荆湖南北路置始两使。”《元丰九域志》(卷6页十四下)亦谓荆湖路于“咸平二年(999年)分南、北路。”《宋史》(卷6页三上)《真宗本纪》亦云咸平二年“置荆湖南路转运使”。故至道三年,实际上仅得十四路而已,真正之十五路实始于咸平二年也。(《禹贡》半月刊,1935年,第四卷第1期,35、36页)", "source uri" : "" }