{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30129", "sys_id" : "hvd_30129", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "江南西道都防御團練觀察", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "江南西道都防御团练观察", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiangnanxidao", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "防镇", "alternate name" : "防鎮", "transcription" : "fang zhen", "English" : "defense command" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "761", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "782", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.67490", "longitude" : "115.89772", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江西南昌市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "761", "end year" : "782", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "782", "child id" : "hvd_32622", "name" : "信州", "transcribed" : "Xin Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "782", "child id" : "hvd_32546", "name" : "吉州", "transcribed" : "Ji Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "761", "child id" : "hvd_32533", "name" : "抚州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "762", "end_year" : "782", "child id" : "hvd_32534", "name" : "抚州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "782", "child id" : "hvd_32588", "name" : "洪州", "transcribed" : "Hong Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "782", "child id" : "hvd_32564", "name" : "虔州", "transcribed" : "Qian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "761", "end_year" : "782", "child id" : "hvd_32570", "name" : "袁州", "transcribed" : "Yuan Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30128", "name" : "洪吉都防御团练观察处置", "transcribed" : "Hongji Dufangy" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "江南西道都防御团练观察使(761年—782年)治所和界线

唐上元二年(761年)改洪吉都防御团练观察处置使置,(1)治洪州(今江西南昌市)。领有洪、吉、虔、抚、袁、信州。(2)建中四年(783年)升为江南西道节度使。(3)

注:
(1)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》上元二年(761年):“洪吉都防御团练观察使更号江南西道(都防御团练观察使)。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1905页)
(2)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》乾元元年(758年):置洪吉都防御团练观察处置使,领洪、吉、虔、抚、袁五州,治洪州。又上元元年(760年):“洪吉观察使增领信州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1903、1904页)按:治所及所领州,当不改。
(3)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》建中四年(783年):“升江南西道都防御团练观察使为节度使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1909页)", "source uri" : "" }