{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30122", "sys_id" : "hvd_30122", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "江州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "江州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "region" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "317", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "325", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.40272", "longitude" : "114.87991", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "湖北鄂州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "317", "end year" : "325", "parent id" : "hvd_113686", "name" : "东晋", "transcribed" : "Dongjin" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32526", "name" : "临川郡", "transcribed" : "Linchuan Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32554", "name" : "南康郡", "transcribed" : "Nankang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32576", "name" : "安成郡", "transcribed" : "Ancheng Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32601", "name" : "寻阳郡", "transcribed" : "Xunyang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32540", "name" : "庐陵郡", "transcribed" : "Luling Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32035", "name" : "建安郡", "transcribed" : "Jian'an Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32055", "name" : "晋安郡", "transcribed" : "Jin'an Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32583", "name" : "豫章郡", "transcribed" : "Yuzhang Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "317", "end_year" : "325", "child id" : "hvd_32612", "name" : "鄱阳郡", "transcribed" : "Poang Jun" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30121", "name" : "江州", "transcribed" : "Jiang Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "江州(317年—325年)治所

东晋建武元年(317年)迁治置,治武昌郡(今湖北鄂州市)。(1)领武昌、豫章、鄱阳、庐陵、临川、南康、建安、晋安、安成、寻阳、新蔡郡。(2)咸和元年(326年),移治湓城。(3)

注:
(1)李吉甫《元和郡县图志》卷28《江南道四》洪州:“东晋元帝时,江州自豫章移理武昌郡”。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,669页)王象之《舆地纪胜》卷32《江南西路?隆兴府》:“晋元帝时江州自豫章移理武昌郡。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,2册,1135页)按:具体时间未详,姑作东晋元帝建武元年(317年)迁治武昌郡。
(2)《晋书》卷15《地理志下》扬州:“惠帝元康元年(291年),有司奏,荆、扬二州疆土广远,统理尤难,于是割扬州之豫章、鄱阳、庐陵、临川、南康、建安、晋安,荆州之武昌、桂阳、安成,合十郡,因江水之名而置江州。”又曰:“永兴元年(304年),分庐江之寻阳、武昌之柴桑二县置寻阳郡,属江州。……元帝渡江……江州又置新蔡郡。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,462、463页)按:“又置新蔡郡”。据《宋书》卷36《州郡志二》江州:“南新蔡太守,江左立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册1091页)则新蔡郡乃是侨郡,姑作东晋称新蔡郡,南朝宋称南新蔡郡。又《宋书》卷36《州郡志三》湘州:晋怀帝永嘉元年(307年),“分荆州之长沙……,江州之桂阳八郡立,治临湘。成帝咸和三年(328年)省”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1129页)按:当桂阳郡此时不属江州。
(3)李吉甫《元和郡县图志》卷28《江南道四》洪州:“东晋元帝时,江州自豫章移理武昌郡,自后或理湓城,或理浔阳,或理半州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,669页)《太平寰宇记》卷111《江南西道九?江州》:“成帝咸和元年(326年),移江州理湓城,即今(寻阳)郡是也。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,21册,1页)而洪亮吉《东晋疆域志》卷2《实州郡县?江州》州治下引《太平寰宇记》谓:“晋成帝咸康(俗本作咸通误)元年(元应作六)”。(《二十五史补编》,北京,中华书局,1956年,3册,3616页)其说不一。", "source uri" : "" }