{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30109", "sys_id" : "hvd_30109", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "威武軍節度使", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "威武军节度使", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Weiwujun Jiedushi", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "防镇", "alternate name" : "防鎮", "transcription" : "fang zhen", "English" : "defense command" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "897", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "950", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "897", "end year" : "908", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" }, { "begin year" : "909", "end year" : "943", "parent id" : "hvd_100000", "name" : "闽国", "transcribed" : "Min Guo" }, { "begin year" : "944", "end year" : "944", "parent id" : "hvd_100001", "name" : "殷国", "transcribed" : "Yin Guo" }, { "begin year" : "945", "end year" : "947", "parent id" : "hvd_100006", "name" : "闽国", "transcribed" : "Min Guo" }, { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "950", "parent id" : "hvd_113621", "name" : "五代吴越", "transcribed" : "Wudaiwuyue" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "897", "end_year" : "940", "child id" : "hvd_32062", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "897", "end_year" : "943", "child id" : "hvd_32041", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "897", "end_year" : "943", "child id" : "hvd_32075", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "897", "end_year" : "943", "child id" : "hvd_32359", "name" : "漳州", "transcribed" : "Zhang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "897", "end_year" : "932", "child id" : "hvd_32087", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "948", "end_year" : "950", "child id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "933", "end_year" : "947", "child id" : "hvd_32088", "name" : "长乐府", "transcribed" : "Changle Fu" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30023", "name" : "福建都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Dutuanl" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "威武军节度使(897-950年)治所

唐乾宁四年(897年),升福建都团练观察处置使为威武军节度使1。治福州,领福、泉、建、漳、汀五州2。辖境相当今福建全省。五代梁开平三年(909年),王审知割据福建,置闽国,威武军属之。后周广顺元年(951年),以威武军改名彰武军3。其间威武军节度使辖地屡有变化,但治所位置不变。
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1,《新唐书》卷68·方镇五·福建:乾宁四年“升福建都团练观察处置使为威武军节度使。”(北京,中华书局,1980年,2册,1926页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷128·福州路·福州·州沿革:“唐末,王潮之弟审知入福州(《通鉴》王潮入福州在景福二年),升为威武军(《通鉴》乾宁元年九月,升福建为威武军,以观察使王潮为节度使),拜潮为节度使。梁封审知为闽王(开平三年)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3640-3641页)。
2,《新唐书》卷68·方镇五·福建:开元二十一年“置福建经略使,领福、泉、建、漳、潮五州,治福州。”大历六年“废福建节度使,置都团练观察处置使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1899,1907页)。吴廷燮《唐方镇年表》卷6·福建:“大历七年冬十有一月,(李琦)加御史大夫、持节都督福、建、泉、汀、漳五州军事,领观察处置都防御等使。”(北京,中华书局,1980年,2册,855页)。其时,领福、泉、建、漳、汀五州,治福州。
4,朱玉龙《五代十国方镇年表》福州,据《淳熙三山志》卷20·秩官:“广顺元年,吴越更威武军为彰武军。”定改名于广顺元年,并附《舆地纪胜》广顺三年和《吴越世家·藩镇表》显德间二说作备考。(北京,中华书局,1997年,488页)。", "source uri" : "" }