{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30078", "sys_id" : "hvd_30078", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "鎮海軍節度使", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "镇海军节度使", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhenhaijun Jie", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "防镇", "alternate name" : "防鎮", "transcription" : "fang zhen", "English" : "defense command" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "862", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "892", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.31271", "longitude" : "120.61862", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏苏州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "862", "end year" : "892", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "862", "end_year" : "892", "child id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "862", "end_year" : "888", "child id" : "hvd_32336", "name" : "杭州", "transcribed" : "Hang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "862", "end_year" : "892", "child id" : "hvd_32311", "name" : "润州", "transcribed" : "Run Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "862", "end_year" : "887", "child id" : "hvd_32341", "name" : "湖州", "transcribed" : "Hu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "862", "end_year" : "892", "child id" : "hvd_32196", "name" : "睦州", "transcribed" : "Mu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "862", "end_year" : "892", "child id" : "hvd_32071", "name" : "苏州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30077", "name" : "浙江西道都团练观察使", "transcribed" : "Zhejiangxidao" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "镇海军节度使(862—892年)治所

唐咸通三年(862年)改浙江西道都团练观察使置,(1)治苏州(今江苏苏州市)。领润、常、苏、杭、湖、睦六州。(2)唐光启三年(887年)分润州置昇州,并于昇州置武宁军节度使。文德元年(888年)分湖州另置忠国军节度使。(3)龙纪元年(889年)分杭州置杭州防御使。景福二年(893年)迁治杭州。(4)



注:
(1)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》咸通三年(862年):“置镇海军节度使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1920页)
(2)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》:贞元三年(787年),“分浙江东、西为二道,复置浙江西道都团练观察使。领润、江、常、苏、杭、湖、睦七州,治苏州(今江苏苏州市)。”又贞元四年(788年)曰:“江州隶江西观察使”。(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1910页)故当时实领润、常、苏、杭、湖、睦六州。其后未见变化,镇海军节度使也当领此六州。
(3)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》文德元年(888年):“置忠国军节度使,治湖州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1924页)按:镇海军节度使本领六州,现领五州。而《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》咸通八年(867年):“废镇海军节度使。”十一年(870年):“置镇海军节度使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1921、1922页)按:《新唐书》卷96《杜审权传》:懿宗立……“(审权)出为镇海军节度使、同平章事”。(12册,3863页)据吴廷燮《唐方镇年表》卷5考定此事在咸通八年十年。(北京,中华书局,1980年,2册,763页)则镇海军节度使可能有一段时间被另外割据势力所占,但为时段,仍作属唐。
(4)《新唐书》卷68《方镇表五》景福二年(893年):“徙镇海军节度使治杭州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1925页)", "source uri" : "" }