{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30032", "sys_id" : "hvd_30032", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "京師", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "京师", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jingshi", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "京師", "alternate name" : "京師", "transcription" : "jing shi", "English" : "capital district" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1425", "begin rule" : "5", "end" : "1440", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "32.05256", "longitude" : "118.76899", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "江苏省南京市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1425", "end year" : "1440", "parent id" : "hvd_113645", "name" : "明", "transcribed" : "Ming" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33521", "name" : "凤阳府", "transcribed" : "Fengyang Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33512", "name" : "和州", "transcribed" : "He Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32460", "name" : "太平府", "transcribed" : "Taiping Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32480", "name" : "宁国府", "transcribed" : "Ningguo Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33505", "name" : "安庆府", "transcribed" : "Anqing Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32394", "name" : "常州府", "transcribed" : "Changzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32464", "name" : "广德州", "transcribed" : "Guangde Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33487", "name" : "庐州府", "transcribed" : "Luzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32287", "name" : "应天府", "transcribed" : "Yingtian Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33321", "name" : "徐州", "transcribed" : "Xu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32454", "name" : "徽州府", "transcribed" : "Huizhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33309", "name" : "扬州府", "transcribed" : "Yangzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32439", "name" : "松江府", "transcribed" : "Songjiang Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32457", "name" : "池州府", "transcribed" : "Chizhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33314", "name" : "淮安府", "transcribed" : "Huaian Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_33532", "name" : "滁州", "transcribed" : "Chu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32432", "name" : "苏州府", "transcribed" : "Suzhou Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1425", "end_year" : "1440", "child id" : "hvd_32296", "name" : "镇江府", "transcribed" : "Zhenjiang Fu" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30031", "name" : "南京", "transcribed" : "Nanjing" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "京师(1425-1440年)界线和治所

明洪熙元年三月(1425年),复定南京为京师1。治应天府。统府十四:应天、凤阳、淮安、扬州、苏州、松江、常州、镇江、庐州、安庆、太平、池州、宁国、徽州;直隶州四:徐州、滁州、和州、广德州2。正统六年十一月(1441年),复改京师为南京3。
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1,《仁宗实录》卷8:洪熙元年三月戊戌,复定南京为京师。转引自牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》南京(北京,中国地图出版社,1997年,20页)。
2,《明史》卷40·地理一·南京:“明太祖丙午年七月(1366年),置江南行中书省,治应天府。洪武元年(1368年)八月建南京,罢行中书省,以应天等府直隶中书省,…。十一年(1378年)正月,改南京为京师。十三年正月已亥,罢中书省,以所领直隶六部。…。永乐元年(1403年)正月仍称南京。统府十四(应天、凤阳、淮安、扬州、苏州、松江、常州、镇江、庐州、安庆、太平、池州、宁国、徽州),直隶州四(徐州、滁州、和州、广德州)。”(中华书局,1974年,4册,910-932页)。
3,《嘉庆一统志》卷72·江苏统部:“永乐二年改建北京以为行在,正统六年定北京为京师,以应天府为南京。本朝改置江南省,治江宁府。顺治十八年,分属左右布政使司。康熙六年改为江苏省。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,24册)", "source uri" : "" }