{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30021", "sys_id" : "hvd_30021", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福建都防御使", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福建都防御使", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fujian Dufangy", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "防镇", "alternate name" : "防鎮", "transcription" : "fang zhen", "English" : "defense command" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "758", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "759", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市老城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "759", "parent id" : "hvd_113618", "name" : "唐", "transcribed" : "Tang" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "759", "child id" : "hvd_32062", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "759", "child id" : "hvd_32045", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "759", "child id" : "hvd_32075", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "758", "child id" : "hvd_32145", "name" : "漳州", "transcribed" : "Zhang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "759", "end_year" : "759", "child id" : "hvd_32040", "name" : "漳州", "transcribed" : "Zhang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "758", "end_year" : "759", "child id" : "hvd_32087", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30011", "name" : "福建经略使", "transcribed" : "Fujian Jinglue" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福建都防御使(758-759年)界线和治所

乾元元年(758年),改福建经略使为都防御使兼宁海军使1。治所福州,即今福建福州市;领福、泉、建、汀、漳五州2。辖境相当今福建全省3。上元元年(760年),升福建都防御使为节度使4。
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1,《新唐书》卷68·方镇五·福建:开元二十一年“置福建经略使,领福、泉、建、漳、潮五州,治福州。”开元二十二年“福建经略使增领汀州,漳、潮二州隶岭南道经略使。”天宝元年“福建经略使复领漳、潮二州。”天宝十载“漳、潮二州隶岭南经略使。”乾元元年“改福建经略使为都防御使兼宁海军使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1899-1903页)。按:《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·漳州:“旧属岭南道,天宝割属江南东道。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1601页)。其后未见漳州割属岭南记载。《太平寰宇记》同。《新唐书》卷69·方镇六·岭南:至德元载,“升五府经略讨击使为岭南节度使,领广、韶、循、潮…二十二州,治广州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1934-1935页)。二十二州中无漳州。由此可见,天宝十载“漳、潮二州隶岭南经略使”,当仅割潮州隶岭南经略使,漳州本隶属福建。是则,乾元元年福建都防御使领福、泉、建、汀、漳五州,治福州。
2,参见注1。
3,唐代方镇福建领福、泉、建、漳、汀五州的境域,据《明史·地理志》和《嘉庆一统志》的记载,基本为明、清福建省的境域所沿袭。《明史》卷45·地理六·福建辖境所记载:“北至岭,与浙江界;西至汀州,与江西界;南至诏安,与广东界;东至海。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1121页)。此所记载辖境,与今福建省境域相当。
4,《新唐书》卷68·方镇五·福建:上元元年“升福建都防御使为节度使。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,6册,1904页)。", "source uri" : "" }