{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_30006", "sys_id" : "hvd_30006", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福建路", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福建路", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fujian Lu", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "路", "alternate name" : "路", "transcription" : "lu", "English" : "circuit" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1134", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1276", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.03886", "longitude" : "118.32378", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省建瓯县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1134", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_113637", "name" : "南宋", "transcribed" : "Nansong" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32146", "name" : "兴化军", "transcribed" : "Xinghua Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32133", "name" : "南剑州", "transcribed" : "Nanjian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1162", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32106", "name" : "建宁府", "transcribed" : "Jianning Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1161", "child id" : "hvd_32062", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32041", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32075", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32140", "name" : "漳州", "transcribed" : "Zhang Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1134", "end_year" : "1275", "child id" : "hvd_32033", "name" : "邵武军", "transcribed" : "Shaowu Jun" }, { "begin_year" : "1276", "end_year" : "1276", "child id" : "hvd_32032", "name" : "邵武路", "transcribed" : "Shaowu Lu" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_30005", "name" : "福建路", "transcribed" : "Fujian Lu" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福建路(1134-1276年)治所

宋绍兴四年(1134年),路治复迁于建州,治所即今福建建瓯县1。领州六:福州、建州、泉州、南剑州、漳州、汀州;军二:兴化、邵武2。辖境相当今福建全省以及澎湖群岛3。元至元十四年(1277年),福建路改置福建行宣慰司4。
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1,《舆地纪胜》卷128·福建路·建宁府·监司沿革·福建路转运司:“《福州图经》云:建炎二年以建寇故,移转运司于福州。《系年录》云:绍兴二年还建州,三年复移福州,寻仍旧。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3695页)。“三年复移福州,寻仍旧。”作绍兴四年迁还建州。
2,《宋史》卷89·地理五·福建路:“州六:福、建、泉、南剑、漳、汀;军二:邵武、兴化。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2207页)。
3,宋福建路所领六州、二军境域,为元、明福建省所路、州所沿袭。《明史》卷45·地理六·福建:首府“福州府”,“领府八(福州、兴化、建宁、延平、汀州、邵武、泉州、漳州),直隶州一(福宁州,成化九年三月升为州),属县五十七,北至岭,与浙江界;西至汀州,与江西界;南至诏安,与广东界;东至海。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1121页)。据此,明福建布政使司辖境与今福建省境域相当。也即为宋代福建路境域。
赵汝适《诸蕃志》毗舍耶国:“泉有海岛曰澎湖,隶晋江县,与其国密迩,烟火相望,时至寇掠,其来不测,多罗罹生啖之害。居民苦之。淳熙间,国之豪酋常率数百辈,猝至泉之水澳、围头等村,姿行凶暴,戕人无数。”(冯承钧《诸蕃志校注》,北京,中华书局,1956年,84页)。按:《诸蕃志》成书于南宋宝庆元年,今据此作澎湖群岛自南宋初年以后即属福建泉州管辖。
4,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰使司·泉州路:“唐置武荣州,又改泉州。宋为平海军。元至元十四年,立行宣慰司,兼行征南元帅府事。十五年,改宣慰司为行中书省,升泉州路总管府。十八年,迁行省于福州路。十九年,复还泉州。二十年,仍迁福州路。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,1505页)。", "source uri" : "" }